Field codes: NextIf field

The NextIf field compares two expressions. If the comparison is true, Word merges the next data record (data record: A complete set of related information that corresponds to one row of information in the data source. All information about one client in a client mailing list is an example of a data record.) into the current merge document. If the comparison is false, Word merges the next data record into a new merge document.

You can use the NextIf field to group data records, as in a database report. For example, you can use a combination of If, Set, and NextIf fields to merge all records with the same postal code to one page in the merge and create a new page in the merge when a new postal code is encountered in the data file. However, a merge like this is complex to set up and requires that your data source be structured to accommodate the merge fields.

If your goal is to selectively include certain records from your data source, you can do this more easily by using the Filter command in the Mail Merge Recipients dialog box, which appears when you click Edit Recipient List in the Start Mail Merge group on the Mailings tab.


 Notes 

  • NextIf fields cannot be used in footnotes, endnotes, annotations, headers, footers, or data sources.
  • The NextIf field cannot be nested within any field.

Syntax

When you view the NextIf field in your document, the syntax looks like this:

{ NEXTIF Expression1 Operator Expression2 }

 Note   A field code tells the field what to show. Field results are what’s shown in the document after having evaluated the field code. To toggle between viewing the field code and the field code results, press Alt+F9.

Properties

Expression1, Expression2

Values that you want to compare. These expressions can be merge field data, bookmark (bookmark: A location or selection of text in a file that you name for reference purposes. Bookmarks identify a location within your file that you can later refer or link to.) names, strings of characters, numbers, nested fields that return a value, or mathematical formulas. If an expression contains spaces, enclose the expression in quotation marks.


 Notes 

  • If you use a merge field (MergeField) in an expression, the merge field refers to data in the current data record, not in the next data record.
  • Expression2 must be enclosed in quotation marks so that it is compared as a character string.
  • If the operator is = or <>, Expression2 can contain a question mark (?) to represent any single character or an asterisk (*) to represent any string of characters.
  • If you use an asterisk in Expression2, the portion of Expression1 that corresponds to the asterisk and any remaining characters in Expression2 cannot exceed 128 characters.

Operator

Comparison operator. Insert a space before and after the operator.

Operator Description
= Equal to
<> Not equal to
> Greater than
< Less than
>= Greater than or equal to
<= Less than or equal to

Instructions

You can use the NextIf field in a document or as part of a mail merge.

To use the NextIf field in a document, do the following:

  1. On the Insert tab, in the Text group, click Quick Parts, and then click Field.
  1. In the Field names list, select NextIf.
  2. In the Field codes box, type the expressions, operator, true text, and false text, following the syntax shown above.
  3. Click OK.

To use the NextIf field as part of a mail merge, while you are setting up the mail merge, do the following:

  1. On the Mailings tab, in the Write & Insert Fields group, click Rules, and then click Next Record If.
  1. In the Field name list, select the name of a merge field, such as City.
  2. In the Comparison list, select the operator that you want. For example, to single out recipients in a particular city, click Equal to.
  3. In the Compare to box, type the value that you want to use. For example, to single out recipients in Tokyo, type Tokyo.

 Note   If you selected is blank or is not blank in the Comparison list, leave the Compare to box empty.

Example

Your data source includes a field to mark the last record of each postal code, and the data source is sorted so that all records with the same postal code appear together. When your data source is set up this way, you can use Set and If fields in Word to check whether a record is the last occurrence of a postal code in the data source.

With this checking in place, you can use the NextIf field to determine whether the current record is the last occurrence of a particular postal code. As long as the current record is not the last occurrence, records for that postal code are added to the current merge document. When the current record is the last occurrence of the postal code, a new merge document is begun for the next postal code that is listed in the data source.

When you insert the following NextIf field into a mail merge main document (main document: In a mail-merge operation in Word, the document that contains the text and graphics that are the same for each version of the merged document, for example, the return address or salutation in a form letter.), the NextIf field examines the contents of the LastZipcode field in the current data record. If the LastZipcode field is blank, data from the next record in the data source is merged into the current merge document. If the LastZipcode field is not blank, data from the next record in the data source is merged into a new merge document.

{ NEXTIF { MERGEFIELD LastZipcode } = "" }

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Applies to:
Word 2013, Word 2010, Word 2007