Create a matrix


Keywords    animate matrix; add matrix border matrix border color; matrix border style; matrix layout; matrix background; tiled matrix; grid matrix


A matrix is a rectangular array of elements, arranged in rows and columns, and can be used to show the placement of concepts along two axes. For example, you can use a matrix to illustrate the four possible combinations of two concepts or ingredients. By using a SmartArt graphic in Microsoft Office Excel 2007, Microsoft Office Outlook 2007, Microsoft Office PowerPoint 2007, or Microsoft Office Word 2007, you can create a matrix and include it in your spreadsheet, e-mail message, presentation, or document.

Basic matrix

In this article


Create a matrix

  1. On the Insert tab, in the Illustrations group, click SmartArt.

Illustrations group Ribbon Image

  1. In the Choose a SmartArt Graphic gallery, click Matrix, click a matrix layout (such as Basic Matrix), and then click OK.
  2. To enter text in your matrix, do one of the following:
    • Click [Text] in the Text pane, and then type your text.
    • Copy text from another location or program, click [Text] in the Text pane, and then paste your text.

 Note   If the Text pane is not visible, click the control.

Text Pane control

  • Click a box in the SmartArt graphic, and then type your text.

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Move a box in your matrix

  • To move a box, click the box and then drag it to its new location.
  • To move a box in very small increments, hold down CTRL while you press the arrow keys on your keyboard.

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Change to a different matrix layout

  1. Right-click the matrix that you want to change, and then click Change Layout.
  2. Click Matrix, and then do one of the following:
    • To show the relationship of components to a whole in quadrants, click Basic Matrix.

Basic matrix

  • To show the relationship of four quadrants to a whole, click Titled Matrix. The first line of top-level text that you type appears in the center of the matrix, and the first four lines of second-level text appear in the four quadrants.

Titled matrix

  • To show the relationship of components to a whole in quadrants, emphasizing the quadrants rather than the whole, click Grid Matrix.

Grid matrix

 Note   You can also change the layout of your SmartArt graphic by clicking a layout option in the Layouts group on the Design tab under SmartArt Tools. When you point to a layout option, your SmartArt graphic changes to show you a preview of how it would look with that layout.

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Change the colors of your matrix

To quickly add a designer-quality look and polish to your SmartArt graphic, you can change the colors or apply a SmartArt Style to your matrix. You can also add effects, such as glows, soft edges, or 3-D effects. Using PowerPoint 2007 presentations, you can animate your matrix.

You can apply color combinations that are derived from the theme colors (theme colors: A set of colors that is used in a file. Theme colors, theme fonts, and theme effects compose a theme.) to the boxes in your SmartArt graphic.

  1. Click the SmartArt graphic whose color you want to change.
  2. Under SmartArt Tools, on the Design tab, in the SmartArt Styles group, click Change Colors.

SmartArt toolbar - matrix

If you don't see the SmartArt Tools or Design tabs, make sure that you've selected the SmartArt graphic.

 Tip   When you place your pointer over a thumbnail, you can see how the colors affect your SmartArt graphic.

Change the line color or style of a box's border

  1. In the SmartArt graphic, right-click the border of the box you want to change, and then click Format Shape.
  2. To change the color of the box's border, click Line Color, click Color Button image, and then click the color that you want.
  3. To change the style of the box's border, click Line Style, and then choose the line styles you want.

Change the background color of a box in your matrix

  1. Click the SmartArt graphic you want to change.
  2. Right-click the border of a box, and then click Format Shape.
  3. Click Fill, and then click Solid fill.
  4. Click Color Button image, and then click the color that you want.

To change the background to a color that is not in the theme colors (theme colors: A set of colors that is used in a file. Theme colors, theme fonts, and theme effects compose a theme.), click More Colors, and then either click the color that you want on the Standard tab, or mix your own color on the Custom tab. Custom colors and colors on the Standard tab are not updated if you later change the document theme (theme: A collection of formats that determines the appearance of the controls, sections, body, and text on a data access page.).

To specify how much you can see through the background color, move the Transparency slider, or enter a number in the box next to the slider. You can vary the percentage of transparency from 0% (fully opaque, the default setting) to 100% (fully transparent).

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Apply a SmartArt Style to your matrix

A SmartArt Style is a combination of various effects, such as line style, bevel, or 3-D, that you can apply to the boxes in your SmartArt graphic to create a unique and professionally designed look.

  1. Click the SmartArt graphic you want to change.
  2. Under SmartArt Tools, on the Design tab, in the SmartArt Styles group, click the SmartArt Style that you want.

SmartArt toolbar - matrix

To see more SmartArt Styles, click the More button button image.

 Notes 

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Animate your matrix

If you're using PowerPoint 2007, you can animate your matrix to emphasize each box.

  1. Click the matrix that you want to animate.
  2. On the Animations tab, in the Animations group, click Animate, and then click One by one.

Animations tab image

 Note    If you copy a matrix that has an animation applied to it to another slide, the animation is also copied.

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Applies to:
Excel 2007, PowerPoint 2007, Word 2007