# STDEV.S function

Estimates standard deviation based on a sample (ignores logical values and text in the sample).

The standard deviation is a measure of how widely values are dispersed from the average value (the mean).

## Syntax

`STDEV.S(number1,[number2],...])`

The STDEV.S function syntax has the following arguments (argument: A value that provides information to an action, an event, a method, a property, a function, or a procedure.):

• Number1     Required. The first number argument corresponding to a sample of a population. You can also use a single array or a reference to an array instead of arguments separated by commas.
• Number2, ...     Optional. Number arguments 2 to 254 corresponding to a sample of a population. You can also use a single array or a reference to an array instead of arguments separated by commas.

## Remarks

• STDEV.S assumes that its arguments are a sample of the population. If your data represents the entire population, then compute the standard deviation using STDEV.P.
• The standard deviation is calculated using the "n-1" method.
• Arguments can either be numbers or names, arrays, or references that contain numbers.
• Logical values and text representations of numbers that you type directly into the list of arguments are counted.
• If an argument is an array or reference, only numbers in that array or reference are counted. Empty cells, logical values, text, or error values in the array or reference are ignored.
• Arguments that are error values or text that cannot be translated into numbers cause errors.
• If you want to include logical values and text representations of numbers in a reference as part of the calculation, use the STDEVA function.
• STDEV.S uses the following formula:

where x is the sample mean AVERAGE(number1,number2,…) and n is the sample size.

## Example

Suppose 10 tools stamped from the same machine during a production run are collected as a random sample and measured for breaking strength.

The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

1. Select the example in this article. If you are copying the example in Excel Online, copy and paste one cell at a time.
Important: Do not select the row or column headers.

Selecting an example from Help

1. Press CTRL+C.
2. Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
3. In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V. If you are working in Excel Online, repeat copying and pasting for each cell in the example.
Important: For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.
4. To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

A
Strength
1345
1301
1368
1322
1310
1370
1318
1350
1303
1299
Formula Description (Result)
=STDEV.S(A2:A11) Standard deviation of breaking strength (27.46391572)

Applies to:
Excel 2010, Excel Web App, SharePoint Online for enterprises, SharePoint Online for professionals and small businesses