ODDFPRICE function

This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the ODDFPRICE function (function: A prewritten formula that takes a value or values, performs an operation, and returns a value or values. Use functions to simplify and shorten formulas on a worksheet, especially those that perform lengthy or complex calculations.) in Microsoft Excel.

Description

Returns the price per $100 face value of a security having an odd (short or long) first period.

Syntax

ODDFPRICE(settlement, maturity, issue, first_coupon, rate, yld, redemption, frequency, [basis])

 Important   Dates should be entered by using the DATE function, or as results of other formulas or functions. For example, use DATE(2008,5,23) for the 23rd day of May, 2008. Problems can occur if dates are entered as text.

The ODDFPRICE function syntax has the following arguments (argument: A value that provides information to an action, an event, a method, a property, a function, or a procedure.):

  • Settlement    Required. The security's settlement date. The security settlement date is the date after the issue date when the security is traded to the buyer.
  • Maturity    Required. The security's maturity date. The maturity date is the date when the security expires.
  • Issue    Required. The security's issue date.
  • First_coupon    Required. The security's first coupon date.
  • Rate    Required. The security's interest rate.
  • Yld    Required. The security's annual yield.
  • Redemption    Required. The security's redemption value per $100 face value.
  • Frequency    Required. The number of coupon payments per year. For annual payments, frequency = 1; for semiannual, frequency = 2; for quarterly, frequency = 4.
  • Basis    Optional. The type of day count basis to use.
Basis Day count basis
0 or omitted US (NASD) 30/360
1 Actual/actual
2 Actual/360
3 Actual/365
4 European 30/360

Remarks

  • Microsoft Excel stores dates as sequential serial numbers so they can be used in calculations. By default, January 1, 1900 is serial number 1, and January 1, 2008 is serial number 39448 because it is 39,448 days after January 1, 1900.
  • The settlement date is the date a buyer purchases a coupon, such as a bond. The maturity date is the date when a coupon expires. For example, suppose a 30-year bond is issued on January 1, 2008, and is purchased by a buyer six months later. The issue date would be January 1, 2008, the settlement date would be July 1, 2008, and the maturity date would be January 1, 2038, which is 30 years after the January 1, 2008, issue date.
  • Settlement, maturity, issue, first_coupon, and basis are truncated to integers.
  • If settlement, maturity, issue, or first_coupon is not a valid date, ODDFPRICE returns the #VALUE! error value.
  • If rate < 0 or if yld < 0, ODDFPRICE returns the #NUM! error value.
  • If basis < 0 or if basis > 4, ODDFPRICE returns the #NUM! error value.
  • The following date condition must be satisfied; otherwise, ODDFPRICE returns the #NUM! error value:

maturity > first_coupon > settlement > issue

  • ODDFPRICE is calculated as follows:

Odd short first coupon:

Equation

where:

  • A = number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date (accrued days).
  • DSC = number of days from the settlement to the next coupon date.
  • DFC = number of days from the beginning of the odd first coupon to the first coupon date.
  • E = number of days in the coupon period.
  • N = number of coupons payable between the settlement date and the redemption date. (If this number contains a fraction, it is raised to the next whole number.)

Odd long first coupon:

Equation

where:

  • Ai = number of days from the beginning of the ith, or last, quasi-coupon period within odd period.
  • DCi = number of days from dated date (or issue date) to first quasi-coupon (i = 1) or number of days in quasi-coupon (i = 2,..., i = NC).
  • DSC = number of days from settlement to next coupon date.
  • E = number of days in coupon period.
  • N = number of coupons payable between the first real coupon date and redemption date. (If this number contains a fraction, it is raised to the next whole number.)
  • NC = number of quasi-coupon periods that fit in odd period. (If this number contains a fraction, it is raised to the next whole number.)
  • NLi = normal length in days of the full ith, or last, quasi-coupon period within odd period.
  • Nq = number of whole quasi-coupon periods between settlement date and first coupon.

Example

The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

ShowHow do I copy an example?

  1. Select the example in this article. If you are copying the example in Excel Online, copy and paste one cell at a time.
    Important: Do not select the row or column headers.

Selecting an example from Help

Selecting an example from Help

  1. Press CTRL+C.
  2. Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
  3. In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V. If you are working in Excel Online, repeat copying and pasting for each cell in the example.
    Important: For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.
  4. To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

 
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A B
Data Description
November 11, 2008 Settlement date
March 1, 2021 Maturity date
October 15, 2008 Issue date
March 1, 2009 First coupon date
7.85% Percent coupon
6.25% Percent yield
100 Redemptive value
2 Frequency is semiannual (see above)
1 Actual/actual basis (see above)
Formula Description (Result)
=ODDFPRICE(A2, A3, A4, A5, A6, A7, A8, A9, A10) The price per $100 face value of a security having an odd (short or long) first period, for the bond with the above terms (113.5977)

 Note    In Excel Online, to view the result in its proper format, select the cell, and then on the Home tab, in the Number group, click the arrow next to Number Format, and click General

 
 
Applies to:
Excel 2010, Excel Web App, SharePoint Online for enterprises, SharePoint Online for professionals and small businesses