This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the ATAN2 function (function: A prewritten formula that takes a value or values, performs an operation, and returns a value or values. Use functions to simplify and shorten formulas on a worksheet, especially those that perform lengthy or complex calculations.) in Microsoft Excel.
Description
Returns the arctangent, or inverse tangent, of the specified x and ycoordinates. The arctangent is the angle from the xaxis to a line containing the origin (0, 0) and a point with coordinates (x_num, y_num). The angle is given in radians between pi and pi, excluding pi.
Syntax
ATAN2(x_num, y_num)
The ATAN2 function syntax has the following arguments (argument: A value that provides information to an action, an event, a method, a property, a function, or a procedure.):
 X_num Required. The xcoordinate of the point.
 Y_num Required. The ycoordinate of the point.
Remarks
 A positive result represents a counterclockwise angle from the xaxis; a negative result represents a clockwise angle.
 ATAN2(a,b) equals ATAN(b/a), except that a can equal 0 in ATAN2.
 If both x_num and y_num are 0, ATAN2 returns the #DIV/0! error value.
 To express the arctangent in degrees, multiply the result by 180/PI( ) or use the DEGREES function.
Example
The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.
How do I copy an example?
 Select the example in this article. If you are copying the example in Excel Online, copy and paste one cell at a time.
Important: Do not select the row or column headers.
Selecting an example from Help
 Press CTRL+C.
 Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
 In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V. If you are working in Excel Online, repeat copying and pasting for each cell in the example.
Important: For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.
 To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.
After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

A 
B 
Formula 
Description (Result) 
=ATAN2(1, 1) 
Arctangent of the point 1,1 in radians, pi/4 (0.785398) 
=ATAN2(1, 1) 
Arctangent of the point 1,1 in radians, 3*pi/4 (2.35619) 
=ATAN2(1, 1)*180/PI() 
Arctangent of the point 1,1 in degrees (135) 
=DEGREES(ATAN2(1, 1)) 
Arctangent of the point 1,1 in degrees (135) 
