Create a survey

A survey is a special kind of list that enables the owner to create questions, multiple people to respond to the questions, and the results to be summarized. You can use surveys to ask people what they think about issues, how to improve your processes, and many other topics. You can collect the results by using several different types of questions, such as multiple choice, fill-in fields, and even ratings.

 Note   To create a survey, you must have permission to create lists on the site where you are creating the survey. An alternative is to create your survey in Excel Web App, where results are compiled in an Excel spreadsheet rather than a SharePoint list.

  1. Click Settings Settings, and then click Add an app.
  2. On the Your Apps page, look for and click the Survey icon.
  3. Click Advanced Options,
  4. Type a name for the survey.
  5. In the Description box, type a description of the survey. The description is optional.
  6. In the Survey Options section, specify whether you want people's names to appear with their responses and whether people can respond more than once to the survey.
  7. Click Next.
  8. On the New Question page, enter your question text and then select the type of answer that you want in the Question and Type section for your first question.

New Question page

  1. In the Additional Question Settings section, specify additional settings for your question, such as whether an answer to the question is required. Depending on the type of question, you can also enter answers to choose from and an optional default value.
  2. In the Column Validation section, if you want to check whether an answer is valid, enter the formula you want to use for validation in the Formula box. In the User Message box, describe what the user needs to do to ensure the answer is valid. For example, if you’re asking an employee to enter the amount of time she’s worked in a department, you can specify that it could not be longer than the total time she’s worked for the company.
  3. Do one of the following:
  • To create additional questions, click Next Question, and then enter information for the next question. Continue the process until you add all the questions that you want.
  • If you are finished adding questions, click Finish.
  1. To see your survey, click its name in the Quick Launch under Recent on the Quick Launch.

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Plan a survey

Before you create a survey, it is a good idea to map out the questions that you want to ask and the type of answers that you want to receive. For example, do you want someone to respond with their own words, enter a dollar amount, or choose from a list? You should also decide whether questions are required or optional.

In order for people to respond to the survey, they must have permission to contribute to the survey or to the site that contains the survey. If they don’t have the necessary permissions, see the person who owns or manages your site.

As you develop questions, consider how you will want to analyze the data. For example, fill-in choices allow users to enter their own information. This enables more flexibility, if the user’s answer doesn’t fall exactly within the choices provided, but it can be more challenging to review and compile a diverse set of answers.

You can add branching logic to specific questions, so that the remaining questions in the survey are relevant to the respondent. For example, you can specify that questions about Internet topics appear only for people who say they regularly use the Internet. To specify branching logic, you first create the survey, and then specify the logic for the questions in the survey settings.

After you create a survey, you can add questions right away. As you add each question, you are prompted to specify the text for the question, the type of answer that you expect to receive, and any other settings needed for the question and answer type. If you need to revise your survey, you can add more questions or change existing questions later.

ShowTypes of survey questions and answers

  • Single line of text    Use this type when you want people to type a word or a few words for their answer. You can specify a character limit and a default answer.
  • Multiple lines of text    You can specify the number of lines for the response, and whether the response is in plain text, formatted text, or formatted text that is also enhanced with pictures, tables, and hyperlinks.
  • Choice    This question type enables people to choose from a predefined list of choices. You can allow users to fill in their own text, in addition to the choices they are offered. The choices can appear as a drop-down menu, radio buttons, or check boxes. To enable users to select multiple options, use check boxes.
  • Rating scale    This question type provides a summary question with detailed questions and responses that are rated on a scale. You can define the range of the scale, such as 1 to 5 or 1 to 10, and provide text to explain the meaning of the scale.
  • Number    You can specify integers, decimals, or percentages, as well as a maximum and minimum range.
  • Currency    You can specify maximum and minimum values, the currency format, and other settings.
  • Date and Time    You can specify that the answer is a date or both date and time. The answer displays a box with a calendar that helps people to choose a date.
  • Lookup    This type of question offers answers that are stored as a column in another list. With a lookup question, the choices offered are the same as the contents of the corresponding list.
  • Yes/No    This question appears as text followed by a single check box. A selected check box is considered Yes. The words Yes or No do not actually appear. If you want Yes or No to appear with your question, create a Choice question and then enter Yes and No as the choices.
  • Person or Group    This option enables respondents to browse or search the directory service for values to use as answers. For example, if the answer to the question should be the name of a person in your organization, the respondent can select that person's name from your directory service.
  • Page Separator    You can add a page break between questions by adding a page separator to your survey.
  • External Data    This type of question enables respondents to browse for business data from another source, such as Product Type or Customer Identification Number in a database, to answer the survey question. Before you can use external data, your administrator must first set up the external business data to work with a SharePoint site.
  • Managed Metadata    This option enables users to browse from managed term sets that have been defined for your site. For example, if you or your site administrator is managing the names of your company’s departments so that people use them consistently throughout your site, you could specify the Department term set to show a list of available departments.
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 Note    Before you can use a business data question, your administrator must first register your external business application (the source of the data) with SharePoint Server Preview 2013. The type of business application information that you can select from depends on the data fields that your administrator registers with SharePoint Server Preview 2013.

After you create the survey, people can see a Respond to this Survey link that they can click to launch the survey.

Respond to survey

You can let people know about the survey by sending out a link to it, adding an announcement about it, blogging about it, or linking to it from other sites. Once users start completing the survey, you can see their responses in a bar chart or as list items.

If you have a large number of questions or complex answers, you may want to use a database program, such as Microsoft Access, to analyze the answers.

In order for people to respond to the survey, they must have permission to contribute to the survey or to the site that contains the survey. If they don’t have the necessary permissions, see the person who owns or manages your site.

To learn about how to add branching logic to a survey, see Add branching logic to a survey.

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Applies to:
SharePoint Foundation 2013, SharePoint Online Enterprise (E1), SharePoint Online Enterprise (E3 & E4), SharePoint Online operated by 21Vianet - Enterprise (E1 & E2), SharePoint Online operated by 21Vianet - Enterprise (E3 & E4), SharePoint Online operated by 21Vianet - Small Business, SharePoint Online Small Business, SharePoint Server 2013 Enterprise, SharePoint Server 2013 Standard