Graphic file formats and filters

When you insert a picture from a file in your publication, you can choose from a number of popular graphics file formats, including bitmaps (bitmap: A picture made from a series of small dots, much like a piece of graph paper with certain squares filled in to form shapes and lines. When stored as files, bitmaps usually have the extension .bmp.), scanned pictures, and photographs. For some of these graphics file formats, you need to use a separate graphics filter when you insert your picture. If you are unable to insert a particular graphics file format, you can try installing, or testing and reinstalling the graphics filter.

File formats that don't require a graphics filter

You don't need a separate graphics filter installed to insert the following graphics file formats directly into your publication:

ShowGraphics Interchange Format (.gif, .gfa)

The Graphics Interchange Format (GIF) filter (Gifimp32.flt) supports file format versions GIF87a (including interlacing) and GIF89a (including interlacing and transparency).

The GIF filter imports only the first image of a multi-image GIF file.

 Notes 

  • You don't need the GIF filter to import and export GIF files, nor do you need the filter to save a publication that contains GIF images as a Web page (*.htm or *.html).
  • You don't need the GIF filter to insert animated GIF images into publications. When you save a publication that contains an animated GIF image as a Web page, the animation is preserved. You cannot perform certain editing operations — such as cropping or changing the fill, border, or shadow — on an animated GIF image. Make these changes in an animated GIF editing program, and then insert the file again.

ShowJPEG File Interchange Format (.jpeg, .jpg, .jfif, .jpe)

The Joint Photographic Experts Group (JPEG) graphics filter (Jpegim32.flt) supports Version 6.0 of the JPEG File Interchange Format (JFIF). The filter supports cyan-magenta-yellow-black (CMYK) JPEG files.

The filter does not support JPEG Tagged Interchange Format (JTIF) files.

 Note   You must have the JPEG filter installed to insert a JPEG file into a publication from the Clip Organizer.

ShowMicrosoft Windows Bitmap (.bmp, .rle, .dib, .bmz)

The Windows Bitmap graphics filter (Bmpimp32.flt) supports Windows and OS/2 bitmaps, Run Length Encoded (RLE) bitmaps, and device-independent bitmaps (DIB).

ShowPortable Network Graphics (.png)

The Portable Network Graphics filter (Png32.flt) supports the Portable Network Graphics format.

ShowTagged Image File Format (.tiff)

The Tagged Image File Format (.tif, .tiff) (Tagged Image File Format (TIFF): A high-resolution, tag-based graphics format. TIFF is used for the universal interchange of digital graphics.) graphics filter (Tiffim32.flt) supports all image types and compressions that conform to TIFF Specification Revision 5.0 and 6.0, Part1: Baseline TIFF. These types include monochrome, grayscale, palette color, and RGB Full Color images. The filter handles a single 8-bit alpha channel stored with an RGB Full Color image. The TIFF filter also supports the TIFF Extension for CMYK images.

Only the first image of a TIFF file with multiple images (sub files) is imported.

ShowWindows Enhanced Metafile (.emf)

The Enhanced Metafile graphics filter (Emfimp32.flt) converts Enhanced Metafiles (.emf) to Windows Metafiles (.wmf).

ShowWindows Metafile (.wmf)

The Windows Metafile graphics filter (Wmfimp32.flt) supports the Windows Metafile format.

File formats that require a graphics filter

You do need a graphics filter installed to insert the following graphics file formats directly into your publication.

ShowComputer Graphics Metafile (.cgm)

The Computer Graphics Metafile graphics filter (Cgmimp32.flt) supports Version 1 of CGM 1992. The filter handles all three encodings, interprets and supports all elements, and correctly handles all valid .cgm graphics files.

The major industry profiles of ATA (Air Transport Association) and CALS (Continuous Acquisition and Life Cycle Support) are fully supported by the Computer Graphics Metafile filter. The filter has been certified as ATA-compliant and CALS-compliant by testing administered by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST).

If you install the filter during Setup, the following files are installed: Cgmimp32.flt, Cgmimp32.fnt, Cgmimp32.cfg, and Cgmimp32.hlp.

This filter has the following limitation: CGM 1992 Versions 2, 3, and 4 are not supported.

ShowCorelDRAW (.cdr)

The CorelDRAW graphics filter (Cdrimp32.flt) supports .cdr, .cdt, .cmx, and .pat files from CorelDRAW 3.0 through 9.0.

This filter has the following limitations:

  • Object and PostScript texture fills are replaced with solid gray fills.
  • Gradient fills are split into monocolored stripes.
  • There is no support for:
    • CorelDRAW preferences, such as page size and orientation, units, grid, and guidelines
    • Lenses and powerclips
    • Pages, layers, and groups
    • OLE objects
    • Rotated bitmaps
    • Vector fills
    • Multi-area paragraph text

ShowEncapsulated PostScript (.eps)

The Encapsulated PostScript (EPS) graphics filter (Epsimp32.flt) supports the Adobe Systems Encapsulated PostScript Specification versions 3.0 and earlier. The filter supports .eps images from Tagged Image File Format (.tif, .tiff) (Tagged Image File Format (TIFF): A high-resolution, tag-based graphics format. TIFF is used for the universal interchange of digital graphics.) and Windows Metafile (.wmf) embedded previews.

If an EPS graphics file contains an embedded TIFF or Windows Metafile preview, a representation of the image appears on the screen. The quality of the preview depends on the resolution of the TIFF or Windows Metafile image that is embedded in the EPS file when it is created. Low, medium, and high resolutions are generally available for creating an EPS file. The higher the resolution of the preview image, the larger the EPS file size will be. Because such previews are intended primarily to be used to position images on the page, resolution is often low. A high-resolution preview is not necessary because it is discarded when the EPS file is printed to a PostScript printer.

If an embedded TIFF or Windows Metafile preview is not included in the EPS graphic that you import, the graphic displays a message instead of a preview of the graphic in your publication. However, the graphic is printed correctly to a PostScript printer. If you print an EPS graphic to a non-PostScript printer, the preview image is printed as it appears on the screen.

EPS graphics are designed to be printed on a PostScript printer.

ShowMacintosh PICT (.pct, .pict)

The Macintosh PICT graphics filter (Pictim32.flt) is used to import Macintosh PICT graphics. Rename your Macintosh PICT files with the .pct extension when you copy them to a computer that runs Microsoft Windows, so that Microsoft Office for Windows can recognize the files as PICT graphics. For example, if you have a graphics file named Bear on the Macintosh, you should rename the file to Bear.pct before you insert the file into a file for Windows.

ShowCompressed Macintosh PICT (.pcz)

Macintosh PCZ files are first decompressed and then imported by the Macintosh PICT graphics filter (Pictim32.flt).

ShowWordPerfect Graphics (.wpg)

The WordPerfect Graphics import filter (Wpgimp32.flt) supports WordPerfect Graphics Versions 1.0, 1.0e, and 2.0, which correspond to WordPerfect Version 6.x and earlier. For .wpg images created in DrawPerfect, the picture frame size is the size of the screen.

This filter has the following limitations:

  • PostScript information is lost in Encapsulated PostScript images that are embedded in WordPerfect Graphics files.
  • WordPerfect Graphics files with large, embedded bitmaps might not appear properly on computers that use the Mach series video drivers from ATI. If you think you have this problem, try running Microsoft Windows Setup and changing your video driver to the 8514/a drivers supplied with Windows.

Installing a graphics filter

If you didn't install the filter that you need when you installed Microsoft Office Publisher 2003 on your computer, you can add the graphics filter.

If you originally installed Publisher from a network file server or from a shared folder, you must install or remove components from that location. If you installed Publisher from a CD-ROM and you've mapped your CD-ROM drive to a new drive letter since you installed it, reinstall Publisher from the CD-ROM. If you're running Publisher from the CD-ROM, you must remove Publisher and then reinstall it from the CD-ROM.

  1. Exit all programs.
  2. In Windows Control Panel, double-click Add or Remove Programs.
  3. Do one of the following:
    • If you installed your Office program as part of Microsoft Office, click Microsoft Office in the Currently installed programs box, and then click the Change button.
    • If you installed your Office program individually, click the name of your program in the Currently installed programs box, and then click the Change button.
  4. In the Maintenance Mode Options dialog box, select the Add or Remove Features option, and then click Next.
  5. In the Custom Setup dialog box, select the Choose advanced customization of applications check box, and then click Next.
  6. In the Advanced Customization dialog box, click the plus sign (+) next to Office Shared Features, click the plus sign (+) next to Converters and Filters, and then click the plus sign (+) next to Graphics Filters.
  7. Click the arrow next to the filter that you want to install, and then click Run from My Computer.
  8. Click Update in the Advanced Customization dialog box.

 Note   Publisher does not support Open Prepress Interface (OPI) for either importing or exporting linked pictures (linked picture: A picture that links to a high-resolution image file that is stored outside of the publication file. If the linked picture is changed in an image-editing program, you can update the linked picture in the publication file.).

Insert a picture in your publication

  1. Open or create the publication that you want to add a picture to.
  2. On the Objects toolbar, click Picture Frame Button image, and then click Picture from File.
  3. Drag the mouse diagonally until the picture frame is the size that you want.
  4. In the Insert Picture dialog box, locate the folder that contains the picture that you want to insert, and then click the picture file.
  5. Do one of the following:
    • To embed the picture, click Insert.
    • To link the picture to the picture file on your computer's hard disk, click the arrow next to Insert, and then click Link to File.

Troubleshoot inserting graphics

If you have trouble inserting a graphic in one of the file formats that require a filter, the correct graphics filter might not be installed in the correct folder, or the filter might be corrupted. Graphics filters are stored as files under C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Grphflt folder. Also installed with the graphics filters are some sample graphics images to test the filters.

Test a graphics filter

To test a graphics filter, do the following:

  1. Create a blank publication that you don't need to save.
  2. On the Objects toolbar, click Picture Frame Button image, and then click Picture from File.
  3. Drag the mouse diagonally until the picture frame is the size that you want.
  4. In the Insert Picture dialog box, locate the folder C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Grphflt.
  5. Double-click the graphics image for the filter that you want to test, such as Ms.tif.

If the test image is inserted correctly, there may be an issue with the graphics image that you are trying to insert.

If the test image is not inserted correctly, there may be an issue with the graphics filter for that image format.

Reinstall a graphics filter

To reinstall a graphics filter, do the following:

  1. Browse to the folder C:\Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Grphflt and rename the appropriate graphics filter file. For example, rename the CorelDRAW graphics filter file (Cdrimp32.flt) to Cdrimp32.old.
  2. On the Help menu, click Detect and Repair.

To restore the program shortcuts to the Windows Start menu, make sure the Restore my shortcuts while repairing check box is selected.

  1. Click Start.

 Notes 

  • This procedure detects and repairs problems such as missing files and registry settings that are associated with all installed Microsoft Office programs. It does not repair personal files, such as publications or documents.
  • If the Detect and Repair command does not fix the problem, you might need to reinstall Publisher.
 
 
Applies to:
Publisher 2007, Publisher 2003