Microsoft Project provides several built-in templates you may find useful when starting a new project. A good example is the residential construction template, which includes the basic tasks required to construct a single-family home and the logical relationships between those tasks.
As a small homebuilder – either a general contractor or a specialty subcontractor – you may want to apply project management techniques to control your operations and take advantage of the residential construction template. The template may be used strictly for training or to develop custom schedules for your projects, or it can be modified to use as the basis for an initial project schedule.
The process for residential construction is methodical and relatively standard. Whether you are planning for a one-story, single-family unit or for a group of apartment units, the process is clearly modeled by a Critical Path Method (CPM) schedule, where early and late start and finish dates are calculated for each activity based on the sequence of tasks and their estimated durations.
The single-family residential construction template provides you with a basic set of common tasks and logical relationships necessary to build a house in any part of the world. The model home is a two-story frame home with brick veneer, built on a full basement.
The template provides certain basic information for each of the activities, including their durations, resource requirements, and cost information (labor and non-labor).
The template has not been tailored to specific local building code requirements, such as the special earthquake requirements of the U.S. West Coast or the hurricane-resistance requirements of Florida. Understanding and following local codes is the responsibility of the builder.
Data from the U.S. mid-continent area from 1997 was used for labor and duration estimates, but you should not rely on this data for budgeting or bidding purposes.
The single-family residential construction template is organized into the following 10 phases, representing the life of the project:
- General Conditions The time required to finalize the plans, develop an estimate, complete the project contract, and obtain permits.
- Site Work Clearing the lot, installation of underground utilities and temporary "construction" utilities.
- Foundation Excavation, forming and placement of the concrete for a basement (this can be modified for a simple slab for a house built on grade).
- Framing The rough carpentry required to build the basic wooden frame of the house.
- Dry In The addition of the "skin" to the house. Sheathing, roofing, windows, and doors make the house weatherproof and enable the interior finishes to proceed.
- Exterior Finishes Installation of the brick, siding, and exterior trim.
- Utility Rough-B97Ins and Complete Concrete Routing of plumbing, electrical and communication cables, installation of electrical "boxes" and rough placement of interior heating, ventilating, and air conditioning (HVAC) equipment and ductwork before insulation and drywall are installed.
- Interior Finishes The detailed work of completing the interior of the home. Insulation, drywall, paint and wallpaper, cabinets, trim, carpet and tile, as well as completion of the plumbing, electrical and HVAC systems.
- Landscaping and Grounds Work Driveways, sidewalks, fences and plantings that complete the outside of the house.
- Final Acceptance The final inspection and certification for occupancy by the city or county building inspector, the builder's final cleanup and walkthrough with the owner, and the owner's final acceptance.
Each construction phase includes a number of typical activities with logical links to other activities in that phase or another phase. These links are the mechanism that allows you to determine the overall planned duration of a project, the effect of changes, its delays, and its disruptions.
The residential construction template provides a list of all resources involved to complete the different activities, such as general contractor, architect, and inspector. These resources have been assigned to the appropriate tasks.
To open the residential construction template
- On the File menu, click New, and then click the Project Templates tab.
- Click Residential Construction.