Identify appropriate quality standards You may want to incorporate in your project the measures that you can use to determine the successful implementation or outcome of the project. The quality standards that you follow should help your team satisfy all project goals, as well as prevent costly mistakes.
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A quality standard is a measure that you can use to determine the successful implementation or outcome of a project.
The quality standards that you follow should help your team satisfy all project goals as well as prevent costly mistakes, provide the resources (resources: The people, equipment, and material that are used to complete tasks in a project.) needed to complete the project, meet project schedule (schedule: The timing and sequence of tasks within a project. A schedule consists mainly of tasks, task dependencies, durations, constraints, and time-oriented project information.) objectives, improve productivity, and meet customer requirements.
Quality standards that you can apply to a project include:
- Your organization's quality policy.
A quality policy expresses an organization's commitment to quality. It describes the kind of quality effort that an organization expects from its workers. If your organization doesn't have a quality policy, you can create one for the project.
- A detailed description of the product or service provided by the project.
A well-organized, comprehensive description of the product or service provides a blueprint to follow as well as a reference point that you can compare with the actual accomplishment.
- Any standards that are specific to the product or service provided by the project.
Industrywide standards exist for many products and services. For example, if you manufacture cars, you must comply with standards and regulations set by industry and government. Find out about standards that are relevant to your project, and make sure your team follows them.
- A statement of project deliverables.
Project deliverables (deliverable: A tangible and measurable result, outcome, or item that must be produced to complete a project or part of a project. Typically, the project team and project stakeholders agree on project deliverables before the project begins.) are the tangible results that you deliver to customers; they must satisfy customer needs. The deliverables statement includes the type, number, and quality of items that your project team has agreed to deliver.
You should incorporate quality standards into the project planning process because they can affect major aspects of the project, such as cost (cost: The total scheduled cost for a task, resource, or assignment, or for an entire project. This is sometimes referred to as the current cost. In Project, baseline costs are usually referred to as "budget.") and schedule. For example, to achieve the desired product quality you might need to hire costly specialists or add more testing time to the schedule.
Determine how quality affects scope To adjust your project plan to meet your quality goals, you might need, for example, to add testing and approval steps.
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In examining how quality affects scope, you may want to consider the following:
- Considering the impact of scope on quality You might need to reduce scope to meet the finish date or the budget (budget: The estimated cost of a project that you establish in Project with your baseline plan.). Or, after building your project plan, you might have more time or money than expected. In either case, you can change the scope of the project. When deciding whether and how to change project scope, consider that quality and scope are closely related. If you reduce scope, you might have to accept a decreased level of quality. If you increase scope, you will probably increase quality in the project and in the resulting product.
- Changing the scope of tasks When you cut scope, you typically remove tasks or decrease the duration (duration: The total span of active working time that is required to complete a task. This is generally the amount of working time from the start to finish of a task, as defined by the project and resource calendar.) of tasks. The tasks that you remove might be those that don't affect the deliverable but that can affect the level of quality that is built into that deliverable. If you decrease certain task durations, that might mean that the resources don't have as much time to perform high-quality work. Likewise, if you have more time or budget than expected, you can add tasks or increase task duration. Adding tasks or increasing task duration can increase the level of quality in your project.
- Changing the quality of resources If you are trying to cut costs to meet your budget, you might replace a more expensive resource (resources: The people, equipment, and material that are used to complete tasks in a project.) with a less expensive one. Higher quality resources, whether they are people, equipment, or materials, are often the more expensive ones. Replacing them with less expensive resources can mean slower work, less skill, or a lower grade (grade: A rank or category assigned to a material resource that denotes functional use but not level of quality. A low-grade resource is not necessarily a low-quality resource.) of material. If you find that you have more budget than expected, you can replace less expensive resources with more expensive ones. Increasing resource quality can increase the level of quality in your project.