Data Type Date (date field: A type of field whose content is a date. Examples include the Baseline Start and Early Finish fields.)
Entry Type Calculated or entered (calculated or entered field: A field in which the value is determined by Project based on information in other fields. Information that you enter in the field yourself overrides calculated values.)
Description The Finish field shows the date when a task is scheduled to be completed. You can have Project calculate the finish date or you can enter it yourself.
How Calculated Project calculates the finish date based on the start date, task duration (duration: The total span of active working time that is required to complete a task. This is generally the amount of working time from the start to finish of a task, as defined by the project and resource calendar.), task dependencies (task dependencies: A relationship between two linked tasks; linked by a dependency between their finish and start dates. There are four kinds of task dependencies: Finish-to-start [FS], Start-to-start [SS], Finish-to-finish [FF], and Start-to-finish [SF].), the project calendar (project calendar: The base calendar used by a project.), and other task constraints (constraint: A restriction set on the start or finish date of a task. You can specify that a task must start on or finish no later than a particular date. Constraints can be flexible [not tied to a specific date] or inflexible [tied to a specific date].). If resources are assigned, Project also considers the resource calendar (resource calendar: A calendar that specifies working and nonworking time for an individual resource. A resource calendar differs from a base calendar, which specifies working and nonworking time for more than one resource.) and assignment units.
If you enter a finish date for an automatically scheduled task (automatically scheduled task: This type of task is scheduled using Project's scheduling engine, taking into account task constraints, dependencies, project calendars, and resource calendars.), Project assigns a Finish No Earlier Than constraint to the task and uses your entered finish date as the constraint date. If your project schedules from the finish date, and if you enter a finish date, Project automatically applies a Finish No Later Than constraint to the task.
Note For Project 2007 and earlier versions, all tasks are automatically scheduled.
If you are using Project 2010, and you enter a finish date for a manually scheduled task (manually scheduled task: This type of task can be placed anywhere in the schedule without Project rescheduling it; it does not move as related information about the task changes.), the date is simply entered as is, and Project does not assign a task constraint or make any other scheduling changes.
If you enter an actual finish date that is different from the scheduled finish date, Project changes the scheduled finish date to match the date in the Actual Finish field.
Best Uses Add the Finish field to a task sheet when you want to review or filter for scheduled finish dates for tasks. The Finish field appears on the Gantt Chart view by default.
Example You need to filter for all finish dates scheduled after March. You filter on the Finish field to see only those tasks scheduled with a finish date beyond March 31.
Remarks In a manually scheduled task, you can enter a valid finish date, or you can enter text such as TBD or unknown. A manually scheduled task is considered a placeholder task until two of the three scheduling factors—start date, finish date, and duration—contain valid schedule information.
When you enter percent complete or actual work, Project might reschedule remaining work around the status date, and this can change the scheduled start date. If you prefer, you can leave these tracking fields in the project as originally scheduled, even if completed work is shown in the future or remaining work is shown in the past.
You can do this in the Project Options dialog box. Also, you can set the status date to a date other than today's date in the Project Information dialog box.