|Microsoft Office Project 2003
Microsoft Project 2000 and 2002
Note This article describes a Project template. You can download this template by clicking the link in the See Also list in this article.
Small homebuilders, including general contractors and specialty subcontractors, can profit from applying project management techniques to control their operations.
The process that builders use for residential construction is methodical and relatively standard. This building process, whether planned for a one-story, single-family unit or for a group of apartment units, is clearly modeled by a critical path method (CPM: A project management method of calculating the total duration of a project based on individual task durations and their dependencies.)schedule. That statement is key: the schedule (schedule: The timing and sequence of tasks within a project. A schedule consists mainly of tasks, task dependencies, durations, constraints, and time-oriented project information.) is a model of the builder's plan for the project.
This template includes the basic tasks (task: An activity that has a beginning and an end. Project plans are made up of tasks.) required to construct a single-family home and the logical relationships between those tasks. The template may be used strictly for training or to develop custom schedules for your projects, or it can be modified to use as the basis for an initial project schedule.
The single family residential construction project schedule template provides you with a basic set of common tasks and logical relationships necessary to build a house in any part of the world. The model home is a two-story frame home with brick veneer, built on a full basement.
The template provides certain basic information for each of the activities, including the:
The template has not been tailored to specific local building code requirements, for example, the special earthquake requirements of the U.S. west coast or the hurricane-resistance requirements of Florida. Understanding and following local codes is the responsibility of you, the builder. Labor and cost data from the U.S. mid-continent area from 1997 was used for cost and duration estimates. You should not rely on this data for budgeting or bidding purposes.
The single family residential construction project schedule template is organized into 10 phases, representing the life of the project:
- General conditions The time required to finalize the plans, develop an estimate, bring the project under contract and obtain permits.
- Site work Clearing the Lot, Installation of Underground Utilities and Temporary "Construction" Utilities.
- Foundation work Excavation, forming and placement of the concrete for a basement (this can be modified to reflect a simple slab for a house built on grade).
- Framing The rough carpentry required for construction of the basic wooden frame of the house.
- Dry-in The addition of the "skin" to the house. Sheathing, roofing, windows, and doors make the house weatherproof and enable the interior finishes to proceed.
- Exterior finishes Installation of the brick, siding and exterior trim.
- Utility rough ins and complete concrete Routing of plumbing, electrical and communication cables, installation of electrical "boxes" and rough placement of interior HVAC equipment and ductwork before insulation and drywall are installed.
- Interior finishes The detailed work of completing the interior of the home. Insulation, drywall, paint and wallpaper, cabinets, trim, carpet and tile, as well as completion of the plumbing, electrical, and HVAC systems.
- Landscaping and grounds work Driveways, sidewalks, fences, and plantings that complete the outside of the house.
- Final acceptance The final inspection and certification for occupancy by the city or county building inspector, the builder's final cleanup and walkthrough with the owner and the owner's final acceptance.
Each construction phase includes a number of typical activities with logical links to other activities in that phase or another phase. These links (linking: In a project, establishing a dependency between tasks. Linking tasks defines a dependency between their start and finish dates. In OLE, establishing a connection between programs so that data in one document is updated when it changes in another.) are the mechanism that allows you to determine the overall planned duration of a project and to determine the effect of changes, delays, and disruptions.
Individual activities may also contain notes describing normal practices and procedures, as well as the typical resource classifications and assignments included on the activity. These are included to guide you and are not meant to be prescriptive.