|Microsoft Office Project 2003
Microsoft Project 2000 and 2002
Note This article describes a Project template. You can download this template by clicking the link in the See Also list in this article.
Commercial builders, including general contractors and specialty subcontractors, can profit from applying project management techniques to control their operations. Projects may range from small kiosks to giant supermarkets, malls, and specialty buildings, such as hotels, hospitals and airports.
The process used for commercial construction is methodical and relatively standard for broad categories of structures. This building process is readily modeled by a critical path method (CPM: A project management method of calculating the total duration of a project based on individual task durations and their dependencies.) schedule. That statement is key: the schedule (schedule: The timing and sequence of tasks within a project. A schedule consists mainly of tasks, task dependencies, durations, constraints, and time-oriented project information.) is a model of the builder's plan for the project.
This template includes the basic tasks (task: An activity that has a beginning and an end. Project plans are made up of tasks.) required to construct a multiple-story commercial space and shows the relationships between those tasks. You can use the template strictly as a training tool or to guide development of custom schedules for your projects, or modify it and use it as the basis for an initial project schedule.
The Commercial Construction Project Schedule template provides you with a basic set of common tasks and logical relationships necessary to construct a commercial building anywhere. The model is a three-story steel-framed structure with a central services core and glass window walls, built on a concrete foundation, with slab-on-grade.
The template provides basic information for each of the activities, including the following:
The Commercial Construction Project Schedule template is organized into 17 phases, depicted in a Gantt Chart:
- General conditions The time required to finalize the plans, develop an estimate, bring the project under contract, obtain permits, begin the procurement process and the process of submitting monthly pay requests.
- Long-lead procurement The submittal of shop drawings, approval and ultimate fabrication and delivery of the major components of a commercial building are time critical. These activities must be addressed and expedited very early in the project.
- Mobilize on site Setup of temporary utility services, field offices, lay-down areas, site parking, temporary fencing, and benchmarks.
- Site grading and utilities Clearing and grubbing the lot, installing underground utilities and site drainage systems, fire water lines, and constructing building batter boards.
- Foundations Excavation, forming, and placement of the concrete foundations, footings, piers, grade beams, elevator pits and walls, installation of anchor bolts, elevator tubes and other required activities except the forming and placement of the first floor slab, which is completed later to ensure that it isn't damaged by construction activities.
- Steel erection The erection of the steel building frame, including main and secondary members, bracing, temporary steel for construction hoists and other uses and the painting or coating of that steel.
- Form and pour concrete floors and roof Installing rebar mats and in-floor utilities and conduits, forming, placing and finishing the concrete floors and roof of the structure.
- Carpentry The rough carpentry required for installation of the building sheathing and metal lath and the construction of the basic frame of the building interior.
- Masonry The interior and exterior masonry of the building, including the elevator and utility cores, any exterior masonry, hard tile on the floors of common areas and restrooms and restroom wall tiles.
- Roofing Placement of lightweight concrete fill, installation of roof drains, flashing, polymeric or roll roofing material and coatings and the stone ballast.
- Window wall and storefront closures Installation of the metal framing and glazing components of the window walls and storefront.
- Building finishes The detailed work of completing the interior of the building. insulation, drywall, paint and paper, cabinets, millwork, carpet and tile, hardware, interior and exterior plantings, seeding and sodding, and paving / striping the parking areas. Includes all signage requirements under the building code.
- Elevators Installation of the elevator cars and controls, calibration, testing and certification of the system.
- Plumbing Rough in and final installation of service areas, restrooms, fire and irrigation systems, including piping, fixtures and controls and the effort required to obtain in-process and final inspections and acceptance.
- Electrical Rough in and final installation of service, including all non-embedded conduit, cable and fixtures, controls and services and the effort required to obtain in-process and final inspections and acceptance.
- HVAC Rough setting and final installation of environmental control systems—including equipment in mechanical spaces, roof-top units, ductwork, controls and the effort required to balance air flows and obtain in-process and final inspections and acceptance.
- Final cleanup and occupancy including inspections The effort required to achieve final inspection and certification for occupancy by the city or county building inspector, the builder's final cleanup and walkthrough with the owner, and the owner's final acceptance.
Each construction phase includes a number of typical activities with logical ties to other activities in that phase or another phase. These links (linking: In a project, establishing a dependency between tasks. Linking tasks defines a dependency between their start and finish dates. In OLE, establishing a connection between programs so that data in one document is updated when it changes in another.) are the mechanism that allows us to determine the overall planned duration of a project and to determine the effect of changes, delays and disruptions.
Individual activities may also contain notes describing normal practices and procedures, as well as the typical resource classifications and assignments included on the activity. These are included as a guide to you and are not meant to be prescriptive.