What is a slide layout?

In this article


Overview of slide layouts

Slide layouts contain formatting, positioning, and placeholders for all of the content that appears on a slide. Placeholders are the containers in layouts that hold such content as text (including body text, bulleted lists, and titles), tables, charts, SmartArt graphics, movies, sounds, pictures, and clip art (clip art: A single piece of ready-made art, often appearing as a bitmap or a combination of drawn shapes.). And a layout contains the theme (colors (theme colors: A set of colors that is used in a file. Theme colors, theme fonts, and theme effects compose a theme.), fonts (theme fonts: A set of major and minor fonts that is applied to a file. Theme fonts, theme colors, and theme effects compose a theme.), effects (theme effects: A set of visual attributes that is applied to elements in a file. Theme effects, theme colors, and theme fonts compose a theme.), and the background) of a slide as well.

Structure of a layout

This diagram shows all of the layout elements that you can include on a PowerPoint slide

PowerPoint includes nine built-in slide layouts, or you can create custom layouts that meet your specific needs, and you can share them with other people who create presentations by using PowerPoint. The following graphic shows the slide layouts that are built-in to PowerPoint.

Layouts

Above, each layout shows the placement of various placeholders in which you will add text or graphics

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Use a standard layout

The standard, built-in layouts available in PowerPoint 2010 are similar to those available in PowerPoint 2007 and earlier versions.

When you open a blank presentation in PowerPoint, the default layout called Title Slide (shown below) appears, but there are other standard layouts that you can apply and use.

Default layout: Title Slide

To apply a layout, see Apply a layout to a slide.

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Create a custom layout

If you do not find a standard layout that suits your needs or the needs of presentation authors within your organization, you can create a custom layout. One that is reusable and that specifies the number, size, and location of placeholders, background content, theme colors (theme colors: A set of colors that is used in a file. Theme colors, theme fonts, and theme effects compose a theme.), fonts (theme fonts: A set of major and minor fonts that is applied to a file. Theme fonts, theme colors, and theme effects compose a theme.), and effects (theme effects: A set of visual attributes that is applied to elements in a file. Theme effects, theme colors, and theme fonts compose a theme.), and more.

You can also distribute custom layouts as part of a template (template: A file or set of files that contains information about the theme, layout, and other elements of a finished presentation.), so you no longer have to waste valuable time cutting and pasting your layouts onto new slides or deleting content on a slide that you want to use with new and different content.

Types of text and object-based placeholders that you can add to build your custom layout include:

  • Content
  • Text
  • Pictures
  • SmartArt graphics
  • Screenshots
  • Charts
  • Tables
  • Diagrams
  • Media
  • Clip art
  • Movies
  • Sound

To create a custom layout, see Create a slide layout that meets your needs.

Links to information related to slide layouts

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Applies to:
PowerPoint 2010