All other header and footer options are on the Notes and Handouts tab of the Header and Footer dialog box.
The headers and footers on printouts are additional to the footers on your slides. For example, if you show slide numbers on the slides, those still show on a handout. If you want to show page numbers on the handout, those show in the bottom right of the page.
One extra option that you have for headers and footers on printouts is a Header option for text, in addition to the Footer option. And, the headers and footers appear in the four corners of a page, not just at the bottom or top.
Also, the settings here apply to all printouts. The single choice of Apply to All puts them on every page of your notes, handout, or outline.