Types of hyperlinks

When you type one of the following Internet (Internet: A worldwide network of thousands of smaller computer networks and millions of commercial, educational, government, and personal computers. The Internet is like an electronic city with virtual libraries, stores, art galleries, and so on.) protocols (protocol: A method of accessing a document or service over the Internet, such as File Transfer Protocol (FTP) or Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP).) in the body of a message, Microsoft Outlook creates a hyperlink (hyperlink: Colored and underlined text or a graphic that you click to go to a file, a location in a file, a Web page on the World Wide Web, or a Web page on an intranet. Hyperlinks can also go to newsgroups and to Gopher, Telnet, and FTP sites.) from the text. If recipients of the message have Internet browsers (such as Microsoft Internet Explorer) that support the protocol, they can click the hyperlink to quickly go to the destination (destination: General term for the name of the element you go to from a hyperlink.).

If the Internet address includes spaces, or Chinese, Japanese, or Korean characters, you must enclose the entire address in angle brackets (< >). For example, <file://C:\My Documents\MyFile.doc>.

Protocol Description
http:// Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) (HTTP: Internet protocol that delivers information on the World Wide Web. Makes it possible for a user with a client program to enter a URL (or click a hyperlink) and retrieve text, graphics, sound, and other digital information from a Web server.). The protocol most commonly used for Web pages.
https:// Hypertext Transfer Protocol, Secure. Designed to provide secure communications using HTTP on the Internet.
file:// Used to open a file on an intranet (intranet: A network within an organization that uses Internet technologies (such as the HTTP or FTP protocol). By using hyperlinks, you can explore objects, documents, pages, and other destinations on the intranet.).
ftp:// File Transfer Protocol (FTP) (FTP: A communication protocol that makes it possible for a user to transfer files between remote locations on a network. This protocol also allows users to use FTP commands, such as listing files and folders, to work with files on a remote location.). Used to transfer files over the Internet.
mailto: Used to send messages to an e-mail address. When the recipient clicks this hyperlink, a new message opens with the mailto e-mail address filled in.
gopher:// A protocol making use of the gopher utility, which finds information and presents it in the form of menus, submenus, and files that can be downloaded and displayed.
news: Used to open an Internet newsgroup (newsgroup: A collection of messages posted by individuals to a news server, a computer maintained by a company, group, or individual. Some newsgroups are monitored, but most are not, and messages can be posted and read by anyone with access to the group.).
nntp:// Network News Transfer Protocol. Used to retrieve and post specific Usenet news articles on the Internet.
telnet:// Protocol that enables a user to log on from a remote computer and enter commands as if they were using a terminal directly attached to the computer.
Outlook: or Outlook:// A protocol used to open an Outlook folder or an item (item: An item is the basic element that holds information in Outlook (similar to a file in other programs). Items include e-mail messages, appointments, contacts, tasks, journal entries, notes, posted items, and documents.) or file in Outlook. This protocol is supported only in Outlook.

To add a hyperlink to a location in Outlook, or to an Outlook item, use the following in the text of your message:

To link to this Use this
Inbox Outlook:Inbox
Contacts Outlook:Contacts
Any folder in your mailbox (mailbox: Location on a Microsoft Exchange server where your e-mail is delivered. Your administrator sets up a mailbox for each user. If you designate a personal folder file as your e-mail delivery location, messages are routed to it from your mailbox.) Outlook:foldername\subfolder
Calendar Outlook:Calendar
A message in your Inbox <Outlook:Inbox/~Subject of message>
A contact in your Contact s folder <Outlook:Contacts/~Name of contact>
Applies to:
Outlook 2003