A permission is the right that you can grant to a person to do something on your site: to view, create, delete, or edit something. You might grant permissions for a person to work with a list, or a library, or a sub-site, for example.
You never grant a single permission to a group or a person – instead, you assign permission levels, which are combinations, or sets, of permissions.
In this article
What are permissions?
A permission is the right that you can give to a person to do something on your site: to view, create, delete, or edit something.
There are three kinds of permissions:
- List permissions give people the right to do things with lists and with list items, such as adding or deleting lists, adding or deleting columns in lists, or adding or deleting items in lists.
- Site permissions give people the right to do things at the site and subsite level, such as adding pages or subsites, or managing permissions for other users.
- Personal permissions give people the right to manage their own personal view of the site, creating personal views of lists, libraries, and add or delete personal Web Parts.
Top of Page
What are permission levels?
Permissions levels are combinations of individual permissions.
You never assign a single permission to a group or a person – instead, you assign permission levels.
In the same way that people are grouped into security groups by the kinds of tasks they need to perform, individual permissions are grouped into permission levels designed to suit the security groups – that is, the people -- who will need to use them
For example, the Full Control permission level is designed for people who need to manage the site itself, so it includes the greatest number of site permissions. People will the Full Control permission level can perform tasks on the structure and components of the site itself, including granting permissions, as well as performing all the tasks associated with lists, libraries, and items.
All the default security groups (such as Visitor, Member, and Owner) are assigned default permission levels (such as Read, Contribute, and Full Control). That is, each group of people is granted access to specific toolsets that are appropriate to the tasks they need to perform.
The most commonly used default permission levels are designed to build on one another:
- The Read permission level has the fewest permissions.
- The Contribute permission level includes all the permissions in the Read level, plus some more.
- The Full Control permission level includes all the permissions in the Contribute level, plus some more:
Top of Page
Review the permission levels on your site
To see the permission levels assigned to groups for your site:
- Click Site Actions, and then click Site Settings.
- On the Site Settings page, in the Users and Permissions group, click Site Permissions to see the permissions page.
On the permissions page, you can see descriptions of each permission level.
- On the ribbon of the permissions page, click Permission Levels.
The Permission Levels page opens, with a description of each Permission level and a link for editing the permission level.
- To edit the name, description, or specific permissions that a permission level includes, click the name of a permission level in the Permission Level column.
Top of Page