About image compression

Image compression is a technique used for storing a visual image that reduces the amount of digitized information needed to store the image electronically. When you save a document in either Microsoft Document Imaging Format (MDI) (Microsoft Document Imaging Format (MDI): A high resolution, tag-based graphics format, based on the Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) used for digital graphics.) or Tagged Image File Format (TIFF) (Tagged Image File Format (TIFF): A high-resolution, tag-based graphics format. TIFF is used for the universal interchange of digital graphics.), image compression is used to reduce the size of the file.

In general, images that are saved in the MDI file format take up less disk space than the same images saved as TIFF files. The image quality of an image saved in the MDI file format is comparable to that of the same image saved in TIFF.

ShowChange the image compression options when you save a document

  1. On the File menu, click Save As.
  2. In the Save As dialog box, click Options.
  3. Select the options you want on the Compression tab.

ShowChange the image compression options when you scan a document

  1. Select the preset you want to use in the Scan New Document dialog box.
  2. Click Preset options, and then click Edit selected preset.
  3. In the Preset Options dialog box, click the General tab, and then click Advanced.
  4. Select the options you want in the Advanced Scan Settings dialog box.

When you use the Options dialog box (Compression tab) or the Advanced Scan Settings dialog box to change the compression options, you can choose to optimize the compression either in favor of file size or image quality. Saving a document to achieve a smaller file size will result in more image loss; saving a document for better image quality results in a larger file size. The optimal setting depends on how you intend to use the image.

What happens when you change compression options?

When you select a different compression option, the pages in a document are compressed using the new option under the following conditions:

So, when you save a file with a different compression option (without changing the file format), only pages that you have made changes to are saved with the new compression option. To compress all the pages with a new compression option, you must make changes to each page. For example, rotate all the pages in a document 90° right, then 90° left to make sure that each page is marked as changed, but without actually making any visible changes to your document.

ShowTechnical details

The following table shows the type of image compression used for each of the image types you can create in Office Document Imaging.

Image type Compression format used
Monochrome TIFF TIFF CCITT Group 4 FAX
Grayscale TIFF TIFF 6.0 JPEG
Color TIFF TIFF 6.0 JPEG
Monochrome MDI MODI BW
Color MDI MODI Color
Grayscale MDI MODI Color