Again, URL stands for Uniform Resource Locator. By now you're probably wondering what the word "uniform" refers to. URLs are uniform because they adhere to a consistent syntax, or format. The URL syntax is shown on the left. Here is an explanation of the different parts of the syntax:
Protocol The protocol is usually http://, which stands for hypertext transfer protocol. This is the method used to access a page or file on the World Wide Web. You may also use other protocols like ftp://, which allows you to transfer files between remote locations on a network, or file://, which lets you link to a file on a computer on a local network.
Web server This is the server that contains the file you want to link to. On the Internet, Web servers typically take the "www" format, as in http://www.microsoft.com. On an intranet, the Web server only consists of the name of the computer, for example http://computername.
Path This is the folder or folders that contain the file you want to link to. In this example, "office" and "productsinfo" are two folders that make up the path.
File name This is the actual file name of the file you want to link to.
Anchor Also known in FrontPage as a bookmark, anchors are an optional item in the syntax. You won't always need to use an anchor. Anchors are typically used when you want to link to a specific location other than the very top of the page. However, they can also be used within a Web page to take you back to the top of that page. The # symbol separates the anchor from the rest of the URL.