Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity.

If this function is not available, and returns the #NAME? error, install and load the Analysis ToolPak add-in.


  1. On the Tools menu, click Add-Ins.
  2. In the Add-Ins available list, select the Analysis ToolPak box, and then click OK.
  3. If necessary, follow the instructions in the setup program.



 Important   Dates should be entered by using the DATE function, or as results of other formulas or functions. For example, use DATE(2008,5,23) for the 23rd day of May, 2008. Problems can occur if dates are entered as text.

Settlement     is the security's settlement date. The security settlement date is the date after the issue date when the security is traded to the buyer.

Maturity     is the security's maturity date. The maturity date is the date when the security expires.

Issue     is the security's issue date, expressed as a serial date number.

Rate     is the security's interest rate at date of issue.

Pr     is the security's price per $100 face value.

Basis     is the type of day count basis to use.

Basis Day count basis
0 or omitted US (NASD) 30/360
1 Actual/actual
2 Actual/360
3 Actual/365
4 European 30/360


  • Microsoft Excel stores dates as sequential serial numbers so they can be used in calculations. By default, January 1, 1900 is serial number 1, and January 1, 2008 is serial number 39448 because it is 39,448 days after January 1, 1900. Microsoft Excel for the Macintosh uses a different date system as its default.
  • The settlement date is the date a buyer purchases a coupon, such as a bond. The maturity date is the date when a coupon expires. For example, suppose a 30-year bond is issued on January 1, 2008, and is purchased by a buyer six months later. The issue date would be January 1, 2008, the settlement date would be July 1, 2008, and the maturity date would be January 1, 2038, which is 30 years after the January 1, 2008, issue date.
  • Settlement, maturity, issue, and basis are truncated to integers.
  • If settlement, maturity, or issue is not a valid date, YIELDMAT returns the #VALUE! error value.
  • If rate < 0 or if pr ≤ 0, YIELDMAT returns the #NUM! error value.
  • If basis < 0 or if basis > 4, YIELDMAT returns the #NUM! error value.
  • If settlement ≥ maturity, YIELDMAT returns the #NUM! error value.


The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

ShowHow to copy an example

  1. Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
  2. Select the example in the Help topic.

 Note   Do not select the row or column headers.

Selecting an example from Help

Selecting an example from Help
  1. Press CTRL+C.
  2. In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.
  3. To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.
Data Description
March 15, 2008 Settlement date
November 3, 2008 Maturity date
November 8, 2007 Issue date
6.25% Percent semiannual coupon
100.0123 Price
0 30/360 basis (see above)
Formula Description (Result)
=YIELDMAT(A2,A3,A4,A5,A6,A7) The yield, for the bond with the terms above (0.060954 or 6.09%)

 Note   To view the number as a percentage, select the cell and click Cells on the Format menu. Click the Number tab, and then click Percentage in the Category box.

Applies to:
Excel 2003