# TRANSPOSE function

This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the **TRANSPOSE** function (function: A prewritten formula that takes a value or values, performs an operation, and returns a value or values. Use functions to simplify and shorten formulas on a worksheet, especially those that perform lengthy or complex calculations.) in Microsoft Excel. Find a link to more information about transposing data in the **See Also** section.

## Description

The **TRANSPOSE** function returns a vertical range of cells as a horizontal range, or vice versa. The **TRANSPOSE** function must be entered as an array formula (array formula: A formula that performs multiple calculations on one or more sets of values, and then returns either a single result or multiple results. Array formulas are enclosed between braces { } and are entered by pressing CTRL+SHIFT+ENTER.) in a range that has the same number of rows and columns, respectively, as the source range (range: Two or more cells on a sheet. The cells in a range can be adjacent or nonadjacent.) has columns and rows. Use **TRANSPOSE** to shift the vertical and horizontal orientation of an array or range on a worksheet.

## Syntax

TRANSPOSE(array)

The TRANSPOSE function syntax has the following argument (argument: A value that provides information to an action, an event, a method, a property, a function, or a procedure.):

**array**Required. An array or range of cells on a worksheet that you want to transpose. The transpose of an array is created by using the first row of the array as the first column of the new array, the second row of the array as the second column of the new array, and so on.

## Example

The workbook below shows examples of this function. Inspect them, change existing formulas, or enter your own formulas to learn how the function works.

To work more in-depth with the example data in Excel, download the embedded workbook to your computer, and then open it in Excel.