# SUMIFS function

This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the SUMIFS function (function: A prewritten formula that takes a value or values, performs an operation, and returns a value or values. Use functions to simplify and shorten formulas on a worksheet, especially those that perform lengthy or complex calculations.) in Microsoft Office Excel.

## Description

Adds the cells in a range (range: Two or more cells on a sheet. The cells in a range can be adjacent or nonadjacent.) that meet multiple criteria. For example, if you want to sum the numbers in the range A1:A20 only if the corresponding numbers in B1:B20 are greater than zero (0) and the corresponding numbers in C1:C20 are less than 10, you can use the following formula:

=SUMIFS(A1:A20, B1:B20, ">0", C1:C20, "<10")

Important   The order of arguments differ between the SUMIFS and SUMIF functions. In particular, the sum_range argument is the first argument in SUMIFS, but it is the third argument in SUMIF. If you are copying and editing these similar functions, make sure you put the arguments in the correct order.

## Syntax

```SUMIFS(sum_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2,
criteria2], …)
```

The SUMIFS function syntax has the following arguments (argument: A value that provides information to an action, an event, a method, a property, a function, or a procedure.):

## Remarks

• Each cell in the sum_range argument is summed only if all of the corresponding criteria specified are true for that cell. For example, suppose that a formula contains two criteria_range arguments. If the first cell of criteria_range1 meets criteria1, and the first cell of criteria_range2 meets critera2, the first cell of sum_range is added to the sum, and so on, for the remaining cells in the specified ranges.
• Cells in the sum_range argument that contain TRUE evaluate to 1; cells in sum_range that contain FALSE evaluate to 0 (zero).
• Unlike the range and criteria arguments in the SUMIF function, in the SUMIFS function, each criteria_range argument must contain the same number of rows and columns as the sum_range argument.
• You can use the wildcard characters — the question mark (?) and asterisk (*) — in criteria. A question mark matches any single character; an asterisk matches any sequence of characters. If you want to find an actual question mark or asterisk, type a tilde (~) before the character.

## Example 1

The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

Important   Do not select the row or column headers.

Selecting an example from Help
• Press CTRL+C.
• In Excel, create a blank workbook or worksheet.
• In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.

Important   For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.

• To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

A B C
Quantity Sold Product Salesperson
5 Apples 1
4 Apples 2
15 Artichokes 1
3 Artichokes 2
22 Bananas 1
12 Bananas 2
10 Carrots 1
33 Carrots 2
Formula Description Result
=SUMIFS(A2:A9, B2:B9, "=A*", C2:C9, 1) Adds the total number of products sold that begin with "A" and that were sold by Salesperson 1. 20
=SUMIFS(A2:A9, B2:B9, "<>Bananas", C2:C9, 1) Adds the total number of products (not including Bananas) sold by Salesperson 1. 30

## Example 2

Adding amounts from bank accounts based on interest paid

The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

Important   Do not select the row or column headers.

Selecting an example from Help
• Press CTRL+C.
• In Excel, create a blank workbook or worksheet.
• In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.

Important   For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.

• To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

A B C D E
Totals Account 1 Account 2 Account 3 Account 4
Amount in dollars 100 390 8321 500
Interest paid (2000) 1% 0.5% 3% 4%
Interest paid (2001) 1% 1.3% 2.1% 2%
Interest paid (2002) 0.5% 3% 1% 4%
Formula Description Result
=SUMIFS(B2:E2, B3:E3, ">3%", B4:E4, ">=2%") Total amounts from each bank account where the interest was greater than 3% for the year 2000 and greater than or equal to 2% for the year 2001. 500
=SUMIFS(B2:E2, B5:E5, ">=1%", B5:E5, "<=3%", B4:E4, ">1%") Total amounts from each bank account where the interest was between 1% and 3% for the year 2002 and greater than 1% for the year 2001. 8711

## Example 3

The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

Important   Do not select the row or column headers.

Selecting an example from Help
• Press CTRL+C.
• In Excel, create a blank workbook or worksheet.
• In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.

Important   For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.

• To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

A B C D E
Daily Measurements First Day Second Day Third Day Fourth Day
Rain (total inches) 3.3 0.8 5.5 5.5
Average temperature (degrees) 55 39 39 57.5
Average wind speed (miles per hour) 6.5 19.5 6 6.5
Formula Description Result
=SUMIFS(B2:E2, B3:E3, ">=40", B4:E4, "<10")

Adds the total amount of rainfall for days when the average temperature was at least 40 degrees Fahrenheit and the average wind speed was less than 10 miles per hour.

Only cells B2 and E2 are summed because, for each column (B through E), the values in both rows 3 and 4 must meet criteria1 and criteria2, respectively. Cells B3 and B4 meet both criteria, as do E3 and E4. However, neither C3 nor C4 meet either criteria. Finally, although D4 meets criteria2, D3 fails to meet criteria1.

8.8

## Example 4

Adding rainfall for morning and evening periods of specific days

This example expands on the data in Example 3, separating the rainfall, average temperatures, and average wind speed into two 12-hour periods for each day.

The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

Important   Do not select the row or column headers.

Selecting an example from Help
• Press CTRL+C.
• In Excel, create a blank workbook or worksheet.
• In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.

Important   For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.

• To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

A B C D E
Morning and Evening Measurements First Day Second Day Third Day Fourth Day
AM: rain (total inches) 1.3 0 1.5 3
PM: rain (total inches) 2 0.8 4 2.5
AM: average temperature (degrees) 56 44 40 38
PM: average temperature (degrees) 54 34 38 77
AM: average wind speed (miles per hour) 13 6 8 1
PM: average wind speed (miles per hour) 0 33 4 12
Formula Description Result
=SUMIFS(B2:E3, B4:E5, ">=40", B6:E7, "<10")

Adds the total amount of rainfall for 12-hour periods when the average temperature was at least 40 degrees Fahrenheit and the average wind speed was less than 10 miles per hour.

Only cells B3, C2, and D2 are summed, because their corresponding cells meet both criteria. The corresponding cells for B3 are B5 and B7, the corresponding cells for C2 are C4 and C6, and the corresponding cells for D2 are D4 and D6.

As an example of data excluded from the operation, the corresponding cells of B2 (B4 and B6) do not meet both criteria; specifically, cell B6 fails because its value (13) is greater than criteria2 (10).

3.5

## Example 5

Criteria entered as reference and by using wildcard characters

The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

Important   Do not select the row or column headers.

Selecting an example from Help
• Press CTRL+C.
• In Excel, create a blank workbook or worksheet.
• In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.

Important   For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.

• To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

A B C D E F G
Homes Square Feet Bedrooms Baths Garage Year built Price
House1 1200 2 1 yes 1940 \$125,000
House2 1580 3 1.5 no 1965 \$217,000
House3 2200 4 3 yes 2003 \$376,000
House4 1750 3 2.5 yes 2001 \$249,000
House5 2140 4 3 yes 1998 \$199,000
=">"&FIXED(SUM(1,1),0) ="yes" ="y*"
Formula Description Result
=SUMIFS(G2:G6,C2:C6,A7,E2:E6,B7,F2:F6,">1999",F2:F6,"<2004") Adds the price of those homes that have at least 3 bedrooms, a garage, and are between 5 and 10 years old as of 2009. 625000
=AVERAGEIFS(G2:G6,C2:C6,">2",E2:E6,C7,F2:F6,">1999",F2:F6,"<2004") Returns the average price for homes that have at least 3 bedrooms, a garage, and are between 5 and 10 years old as of 2009. 312500

Applies to:
Excel 2007