SHEETS function

This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the SHEETS function (function: A prewritten formula that takes a value or values, performs an operation, and returns a value or values. Use functions to simplify and shorten formulas on a worksheet, especially those that perform lengthy or complex calculations.) in Microsoft Excel.


Returns the number of sheets in a reference.



The SHEETS function syntax has the following arguments.

  • Reference    Optional. Reference is a reference for which you want to know the number of sheets it contains. If Reference is omitted, SHEETS returns the number of sheets in the workbook that contains the function.


  • SHEETS includes all worksheets (visible, hidden, or very hidden) in addition to all other sheet types (macro, chart, or dialog sheets).
  • If reference is not a valid value, SHEETS returns the #REF! error value.
  • SHEETS is not available in the Object Model (OM) because the Object Model already includes similar functionality.


The workbook below shows examples of this function. Inspect them, change existing formulas, or enter your own formulas to learn how the function works.

To work more in-depth with the example data in Excel, download the embedded workbook to your computer, and then open it in Excel.

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Applies to:
Excel 2013, Excel Online