ROUND function

This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the ROUND function (function: A prewritten formula that takes a value or values, performs an operation, and returns a value or values. Use functions to simplify and shorten formulas on a worksheet, especially those that perform lengthy or complex calculations.) in Microsoft Office Excel.


The ROUND function rounds a number to a specified number of digits. For example, if cell A1 contains 23.7825, and you want to round that value to two decimal places, you can use the following formula:

=ROUND(A1, 2)

The result of this function is 23.78.


ROUND(number, num_digits)

The ROUND function syntax has the following arguments (argument: A value that provides information to an action, an event, a method, a property, a function, or a procedure.):

  • number    Required. The number that you want to round.
  • num_digits    Required. The number of digits to which you want to round the number argument.


  • If num_digits is greater than 0 (zero), then number is rounded to the specified number of decimal places.
  • If num_digits is 0, the number is rounded to the nearest integer.
  • If num_digits is less than 0, the number is rounded to the left of the decimal point.
  • To always round up (away from zero), use the ROUNDUP function.
  • To always round down (toward zero), use the ROUNDDOWN function.
  • To round a number to a specific multiple (for example, to round to the nearest 0.5), use the MROUND function.


The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

ShowHow do I copy an example?

  1. Select the example in this article. If you are copying the example in Excel Web App, copy and paste one cell at a time.Important Do not select the row or column headers.

Selecting an example from Help

Selecting an example from Help

  1. Press CTRL+C.
  2. Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
  3. In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V. If you are working in Excel Web App, repeat copying and pasting for each cell in the example.

Important For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.

  1. To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.





Formula Description Result
=ROUND(2.15, 1) Rounds 2.15 to one decimal place 2.2
=ROUND(2.149, 1) Rounds 2.149 to one decimal place 2.1
=ROUND(-1.475, 2) Rounds -1.475 to two decimal places -1.48
=ROUND(21.5, -1) Rounds 21.5 to one decimal place to the left of the decimal point 20
Applies to:
Excel 2007