ROUND function


The ROUND function rounds a number to a specified number of digits. For example, if cell A1 contains 23.7825, and you want to round that value to two decimal places, you can use the following formula:

=ROUND(A1, 2)

The result of this function is 23.78.


ROUND(number, num_digits)

The ROUND function syntax has the following arguments (argument: A value that provides information to an action, an event, a method, a property, a function, or a procedure.):

  • number    Required. The number that you want to round.
  • num_digits    Required. The number of digits to which you want to round the number argument.


  • If num_digits is greater than 0 (zero), then number is rounded to the specified number of decimal places.
  • If num_digits is 0, the number is rounded to the nearest integer.
  • If num_digits is less than 0, the number is rounded to the left of the decimal point.
  • To always round up (away from zero), use the ROUNDUP function.
  • To always round down (toward zero), use the ROUNDDOWN function.
  • To round a number to a specific multiple (for example, to round to the nearest 0.5), use the MROUND function.


The workbook below shows examples of this function. Inspect them, change existing formulas, or enter your own formulas to learn how the function works.

To work more in-depth with the example data in Excel, download the embedded workbook to your computer, and then open it in Excel.

Applies to:
Excel 2013, Excel Online