ROMAN

Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text.

Syntax

ROMAN(number,form)

Number     is the Arabic numeral you want converted.

Form     is a number specifying the type of roman numeral you want. The roman numeral style ranges from Classic to Simplified, becoming more concise as the value of form increases. See the example following ROMAN(499,0) below.

Form Type
0 or omitted Classic.
1 More concise. See example below.
2 More concise. See example below.
3 More concise. See example below.
4 Simplified.
TRUE Classic.
FALSE Simplified.

Remarks

  • If number is negative, the #VALUE! error value is returned.
  • If number is greater than 3999, the #VALUE! error value is returned.

Example

The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

ShowHow to copy an example

  • Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
  • Select the example in the Help topic.

 Note   Do not select the row or column headers.

Selecting an example from Help

Selecting an example from Help
  • Press CTRL+C.
  • In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.
  • To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.
 
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Formula Description (Result)
=ROMAN(499,0) Classic roman numeral style for 499 (CDXCIX)
=ROMAN(499,1) More concise version for 499 (LDVLIV)
=ROMAN(499,2) More concise version for 499 (XDIX)
=ROMAN(499,3) More concise version for 499 (VDIV)
=ROMAN(499,4) More concise version for 499 (ID)
=ROMAN(2013,0) Classic roman numeral style for 2013 (MMXIII)
 
 
Applies to:
Excel 2003