RIGHT returns the last character or characters in a text string, based on the number of characters you specify.
RIGHTB returns the last character or characters in a text string, based on the number of bytes you specify.
Important RIGHT is intended for use with languages that use the single-byte character set (SBCS), whereas RIGHTB is intended for use with languages that use the double-byte character set (DBCS). The default language setting on your computer affects the return value in the following way:
- RIGHT always counts each character, whether single-byte or double-byte, as 1, no matter what the default language setting is.
- RIGHTB counts each double-byte character as 2 when you have enabled the editing of a language that supports DBCS and then set it as the default language. Otherwise, RIGHTB counts each character as 1.
The languages that support DBCS include Japanese, Chinese (Simplified), Chinese (Traditional), and Korean.
Text is the text string containing the characters you want to extract.
Num_chars specifies the number of characters you want RIGHT to extract.
Num_bytes specifies the number of characters you want RIGHTB to extract, based on bytes.
- Num_chars must be greater than or equal to zero.
- If num_chars is greater than the length of text, RIGHT returns all of text.
- If num_chars is omitted, it is assumed to be 1.
Example 1: RIGHT
The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.
How to copy an example
- Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
- Select the example in the Help topic.
Note Do not select the row or column headers.
Selecting an example from Help
- Press CTRL+C.
- In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.
- To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.
||Last 5 characters of the first string (Price)
||Last character of the second string (r)
Example 2: RIGHTB (with your computer set to a default language that supports DBCS)
In the following example:
- RIGHTB returns the last 2 characters, because each character is counted as 2.
- RIGHT returns the last 4 characters, because each character is counted as 1. RIGHT returns the last 4 characters no matter what the default language setting is on your computer.
=RIGHTB(" ",4) equals " "
=RIGHT(" ",4) equals " "