# QUARTILE.INC function

Returns the quartile of a data set, based on percentile values from 0..1, inclusive.

Quartiles often are used in sales and survey data to divide populations into groups. For example, you can use QUARTILE.INC to find the top 25 percent of incomes in a population.

## Syntax

`QUARTILE.INC(array,quart)`

The QUARTILE.INC function syntax has the following arguments (argument: A value that provides information to an action, an event, a method, a property, a function, or a procedure.):

• Array     Required. The array or cell range of numeric values for which you want the quartile value.
• Quart     Required. Indicates which value to return.

## Parameters

If quart equals QUARTILE.INC returns
0 Minimum value
1 First quartile (25th percentile)
2 Median value (50th percentile)
3 Third quartile (75th percentile)
4 Maximum value

## Remarks

• If array is empty, QUARTILE.INC returns the #NUM! error value.
• If quart is not an integer, it is truncated.
• If quart < 0 or if quart > 4, QUARTILE.INC returns the #NUM! error value.
• MIN, MEDIAN, and MAX return the same value as QUARTILE.INC when quart is equal to 0 (zero), 2, and 4, respectively.

## Example

The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

1. Select the example in this article. If you are copying the example in Excel Online, copy and paste one cell at a time.
Important: Do not select the row or column headers.

Selecting an example from Help

1. Press CTRL+C.
2. Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
3. In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V. If you are working in Excel Online, repeat copying and pasting for each cell in the example.
Important: For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.
4. To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

A
Data
1
2
4
7
8
9
10
12
Formula Description (Result)
=QUARTILE.INC(A2:A9,1) First quartile (25th percentile) of the data above (3.5)

Applies to:
Excel 2010, Excel Web App, SharePoint Online for enterprises, SharePoint Online for professionals and small businesses