# QUARTILE

Returns the quartile of a data set. Quartiles often are used in sales and survey data to divide populations into groups. For example, you can use QUARTILE to find the top 25 percent of incomes in a population.

Syntax

QUARTILE(array,quart)

Array     is the array or cell range of numeric values for which you want the quartile value.

Quart     indicates which value to return.

If quart equals QUARTILE returns
0 Minimum value
1 First quartile (25th percentile)
2 Median value (50th percentile)
3 Third quartile (75th percentile)
4 Maximum value

Remarks

• If array is empty, QUARTILE returns the #NUM! error value.
• If quart is not an integer, it is truncated.
• If quart < 0 or if quart > 4, QUARTILE returns the #NUM! error value.
• MIN, MEDIAN, and MAX return the same value as QUARTILE when quart is equal to 0 (zero), 2, and 4, respectively.

Example

The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

• Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
• Select the example in the Help topic.

Note   Do not select the row or column headers.

Selecting an example from Help
• Press CTRL+C.
• In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.
• To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.
A
Data
1
2
4
7
8
9
10
12
Formula Description (Result)
=QUARTILE(A2:A9,1) First quartile (25th percentile) of the data above (3.5)

Applies to:
Excel 2003