# PRODUCT function

This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the **PRODUCT** function (function: A prewritten formula that takes a value or values, performs an operation, and returns a value or values. Use functions to simplify and shorten formulas on a worksheet, especially those that perform lengthy or complex calculations.) in Microsoft Excel.

## Description

The **PRODUCT** function multiplies all the numbers given as arguments and returns the product. For example, if cells A1 and A2 contain numbers, you can use the formula **=PRODUCT(A1, A2)** to multiply those two numbers together. You can also perform the same operation by using the multiply (*****) mathematical operator; for example, **=A1 * A2**.

The **PRODUCT** function is useful when you need to multiply many cells together. For example, the formula **=PRODUCT(A1:A3, C1:C3)** is equivalent to **=A1 * A2 * A3 * C1 * C2 * C3**.

## Syntax

PRODUCT(number1, [number2], ...)

The PRODUCT function syntax has the following arguments (argument: A value that provides information to an action, an event, a method, a property, a function, or a procedure.):

**number1**Required. The first number or range (range: Two or more cells on a sheet. The cells in a range can be adjacent or nonadjacent.) that you want to multiply.**number2, ...**Optional. Additional numbers or ranges that you want to multiply, up to a maximum of 255 arguments.

** Note ** If an argument is an array or reference, only numbers in the array or reference are multiplied. Empty cells, logical values, and text in the array or reference are ignored.

## Example

Use the embedded workbook shown here to work with examples of this function. You can inspect and change existing formulas, enter your own formulas, and read further information about how the function works.

To work in-depth with this workbook, you can download it to your computer and open it in Excel. For more information, see the article Download an embedded workbook from OneDrive and open it on your computer.