Present your data in a doughnut chart

Using Microsoft Office Excel 2007, you can quickly turn your data into a doughnut chart, and then use the new formatting features to make that doughnut chart easier to read. For example, by adding a legend (legend: A box that identifies the patterns or colors that are assigned to the data series or categories in a chart.), data labels (data label: A label that provides additional information about a data marker, which represents a single data point or value that originates from a datasheet cell.), and text boxes (text box: A rectangular object on a worksheet or chart, in which you can type text.) that point out what each ring of a doughnut chart represents, you can quickly understand the data that is plotted in the chart.

Formatted doughnut chart

After you create a doughnut chart, you can rotate the slices for different perspectives, focus on specific slices by pulling out slices of the doughnut chart, or change the hole size of the doughnut chart to enlarge or reduce the size of the slices.

What do you want to do?


Learn more about plotting data in a doughnut chart

Data that is arranged in columns or rows only on a worksheet can be plotted in a doughnut chart. Just like a pie chart, a doughnut chart shows the relationship of parts to a whole, but a doughnut chart can contain more than one data series (data series: Related data points that are plotted in a chart. Each data series in a chart has a unique color or pattern and is represented in the chart legend. You can plot one or more data series in a chart. Pie charts have only one data series.). Each data series that you plot in a doughnut chart adds a ring to the chart. The first data series is displayed in the center of the chart.

Because of their circular nature, doughnut charts are not easy to read, especially when they display multiple data series. The proportions of outer rings and inner rings do not represent the size of the data accurately — data points (data points: Individual values plotted in a chart and represented by bars, columns, lines, pie or doughnut slices, dots, and various other shapes called data markers. Data markers of the same color constitute a data series.) on outer rings may appear larger than data points on inner rings while their actual values may be smaller. Displaying values or percentages in data labels is very useful in a doughnut chart, but if you want to compare the data points side by side, you should use a stacked column or stacked bar chart instead.

Consider using a doughnut chart when:

  • You have one or more data series that you want to plot.
  • None of the values that you want to plot is negative.
  • None of the values that you want to plot is a zero (0) value.
  • You don't have more than seven categories per data series.
  • The categories represent parts of whole in each ring of the doughnut chart.

When you create a doughnut chart, you can choose one of the following doughnut chart subtypes:

  • Doughnut    Doughnut charts display data in rings, where each ring represents a data series. If percentages are displayed in data labels, each ring will total 100%.

Doughnut chart type

  • Exploded Doughnut    Much like exploded pie charts, exploded doughnut charts display the contribution of each value to a total while emphasizing individual values, but they can contain more than one data series.

Exploded doughnut chart type

Doughnut charts and exploded doughnut charts are not available in 3-D, but you can use 3-D formatting to give these charts a 3-D-like appearance.

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Create an elaborate doughnut chart

Formatted doughnut chart

So, how did we create this doughnut chart? The following procedure will help you create a doughnut chart with similar results. For this chart, we used the example worksheet data. You can copy this data to your worksheet, or you can use your own data.

  1. Open the worksheet that contains the data that you want to plot into a doughnut chart, or copy the example worksheet data into a blank worksheet.

ShowHow to copy the example worksheet data

  • Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
  • Select the example in the Help topic.

 Note   Do not select the row or column headers.

Selecting an example from Help

Selecting an example from Help
  • Press CTRL+C.
  • In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.

 
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A B C
2005 2006
Europe $12,704,714.00 $17,987,034.00
Asia $8,774,099.00 $12,214,447.00
United States $12,094,215.00 $10,873,099.00
  1. Select the data that you want to plot in the doughnut chart.
  2. On the Insert tab, in the Charts group, click Other Charts.

Excel Ribbon Image

  1. Under Doughnut, click Doughnut.
  2. Click the plot area (plot area: In a 2-D chart, the area bounded by the axes, including all data series. In a 3-D chart, the area bounded by the axes, including the data series, category names, tick-mark labels, and axis titles.) of the doughnut chart.

This displays the Chart Tools, adding the Design, Layout, and Format tabs.

  1. On the Design tab, in the Chart Layouts group, select the layout that you want to use.

Excel Ribbon Image

 Tip   For our doughnut chart, we used Layout 6.

 Note   Layout 6 displays a legend. If your chart has too many legend entries or if the legend entries are not easy to distinguish, you may want to add data labels to the data points of the doughnut chart instead of displaying a legend (Layout tab, Labels group, Data Labels button).

  1. On the Design tab, in the Chart Styles group, click the chart style that you want to use.

Excel Ribbon Image

 Tip   For our doughnut chart, we used Style 26.

  1. To change the size of the chart, do the following:
  1. Click the chart.
  2. On the Format tab, in the Size group, enter the size that you want in the Shape Height and Shape Width box.

 Tip   For our doughnut chart, we set the shape height to 4" and the shape width to 5.5".

  1. To change the size of the doughnut hole, do the following:
  1. Click a data series, or select it from a list of chart elements (Format tab, Current Selection group, Chart Elements box).

Excel Ribbon Image

  1. On the Format tab, in the Current Selection group, click Format Selection.
  2. Click Series Options, and then under Doughnut Hole Size, drag the slider to the size that you want, or type a percentage value between 10 and 90 in the Percentage box.

 Tip   For our doughnut chart, we used 20%.

  1. To make the data labels stand out better, do the following:
  1. Click a data label once to select the data labels for an entire data series, or select them from a list of chart elements (Format tab, Current Selection group, Chart Elements box).
  2. On the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click More Button image, and then click a shape style.

Excel Ribbon Image

 Tip   For our doughnut chart, we used Subtle Effect - Dark 1.

  1. Repeat these steps to format the data labels of all data series in your doughnut chart.
  1. To change and format the chart title, do the following:
  1. Click the chart title, or select it from a list of chart elements (Format tab, Current Selection group, Chart Elements box).
  2. Type the title that you want to use, and then press ENTER.
  3. On the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click More Button image, and then click a shape style.

 Tip   For our doughnut chart, we used Moderate Effect - Accent 1.

  1. If you want to change the placement of the title, drag it to the location that you want.
  1. To change the format of the legend, click the legend, and then select the style that you want in the Shape Styles box (Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, More Button image button).
  2. To add text labels with arrows that point to the doughnut rings, do the following:
  1. On the Layout tab, in the Insert group, click Text Box.
  2. Click on the chart where you want to place the text box, type the text that you want, and then press ENTER.
  3. Select the text box, and then on the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Dialog Box Launcher Button image.
  4. Click Text Box, and then under Autofit, select the Resize shape to fit text check box, and click OK.
  5. In the Shape Styles group, select the style that you want to use.
  6. On the Layout tab, in the Insert group, click Shapes.
  7. Under Lines, click Arrow.
  8. On the chart, draw the arrow from the corner of the text box to the doughnut ring that you want it to point to.
  9. To change the format of text boxes, click a text box, and then select the style that you want in the Shape Styles group (Format tab, Shape Styles group).

Repeat these steps for all doughnut rings in your chart.

  1. To change the background of the chart, do the following:
  1. Click the chart area, or select it from a list of chart elements (Format tab, Current Selection group, Chart Elements box).
  2. On the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click More Button image, and then click a shape style.

 Tip   For our doughnut chart, we used Subtle Effect - Accent 3.

  1. To round the corners of the chart background, do the following:
  1. On the Format tab, in the Shape Styles group, click the Dialog Box Launcher Button image.
  2. Click Border Styles, and then select the Rounded corners check box.
  1. If you want to use theme colors that are different from the default theme that is applied to your workbook, do the following:
  1. On the Page Layout tab, in the Themes group, click Themes.

Themes group on Excel Ribbon

  1. Under Built-in, click the theme that you want to use.

 Tip   For our doughnut chart, we used the Apex theme.

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Rotate the slices in a doughnut chart

The order in which data series (data series: Related data points that are plotted in a chart. Each data series in a chart has a unique color or pattern and is represented in the chart legend. You can plot one or more data series in a chart. Pie charts have only one data series.) in doughnut charts are plotted in Office Excel 2007 is determined by the order of the data on the worksheet. For a different perspective, you can rotate the doughnut chart slices within the 360 degrees of the circle of the doughnut chart.

Rotated doughnut chart

  1. In a doughnut chart, click the data series or a data point, or do the following to select it from a list of chart elements.
    1. Click the chart.

This displays the Chart Tools, adding the Design, Layout, and Format tabs.

  1. On the Format tab, in the Current Selection group, click the arrow next to the Chart Elements box, and then click the data series or data point that you want.

Excel Ribbon Image

  1. On the Format tab, in the Current Selection group, click Format Selection.
  2. Under Angle of first slice box, drag the slider to the degree of rotation that you want, or type a value between 0 (zero) and 360 to specify the angle at which you want the first slice to appear.

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Pull out slices of a doughnut chart

To emphasize the individual slices of a doughnut chart, you can use the exploded doughnut chart type when you create the chart. Exploded doughnut charts display the contribution of each value to a total while emphasizing individual values. You can change the doughnut explosion setting for all slices or individual slices.

Exploded doughnut chart

You can also pull out the slices manually.

Doughnut chart with a pulled slice

Change the settings of slices in an exploded doughnut chart

  1. In the exploded doughnut chart, click a data series or a data point, or do the following to select a data series from a list of chart elements:
    1. Click the chart.

This displays the Chart Tools, adding the Design, Layout, and Format tabs.

  1. On the Format tab, in the Current Selection group, click the arrow next to the Chart Elements box, and then click a data series.

Excel Ribbon Image

  1. On the Format tab, in the Current Selection group, click Format Selection.
  2. Under Doughnut Explosion, drag the slider to increase or decrease the percentage of separation, or type the percentage of separation that you want in the Percentage box.

Pull out slices of a doughnut chart manually

Click the doughnut chart, and then do one of the following:

  • To pull out all of the slices of the doughnut chart, drag away from the center of the chart.
  • To pull out individual slices of the doughnut chart, click the slice that you want to pull out, and then drag that slice away from the center of the chart.

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Change the hole size in a doughnut chart

By enlarging or reducing the hole size in a doughnut chart, you reduce or enlarge the width of the slices. For example, you may want to display wider slices to better accommodate data labels that contain long series or category names, or a combination of names, values and percentages.

  1. In a doughnut chart, click a data series, or do the following to select it from a list of chart elements.
    1. Click the chart.

This displays the Chart Tools, adding the Design, Layout, and Format tabs.

  1. On the Format tab, in the Current Selection group, click the arrow next to the Chart Elements box, and then click a data series.

Excel Ribbon Image

  1. On the Format tab, in the Current Selection group, click Format Selection.
  2. Under Doughnut Hole Size, drag the slider to the size that you want, or type a percentage value between 10 and 90 in the Percentage box.

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Save a chart as a template

If you want to create another chart like the one that you just created, you can save the chart as a template that you can use as the basis for other similar charts.

  • Click the chart that you want to save as a template.
  • On the Design tab, in the Type group, click Save as Template.

Type group on Excel Ribbon

  • In the File name box, type a name for the template.

 Tip   Unless you specify a different folder, the template file (.crtx) will be saved in the Charts folder, and the template becomes available under Templates in both the Insert Chart dialog box (Insert tab, Charts group, Dialog Box Launcher Button image ) and the Change Chart Type dialog box (Design tab, Type group, Change Chart Type).

For more information about how to apply a chart template, see Reuse a favorite chart by using a chart template.

 Note   A chart template contains chart formatting and stores the colors that are in use when you save the chart as a template. When you use a chart template to create a chart in another workbook, the new chart uses the colors of the chart template — not the colors of the document theme that is currently applied to the workbook. To use the document theme colors instead of the chart template colors, right-click the chart area (chart area: The entire chart and all its elements.), and then click Reset to Match Style on the shortcut menu.

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Applies to:
Excel 2007, Outlook 2007