Let's say you want to figure out how much bottled water that you need for a customer conference (total attendees × 4 days × 3 bottles per day) or the reimbursement travel cost for a business trip (total miles × 0.46). There are several ways to multiply numbers.
What do you want to do?
Multiply numbers in a cell
To do this task, use the * (asterisk) arithmetic operator.
For example, if you type =5*10 in a cell, the cell displays the result, 50.
Top of Page
Multiply a column of numbers by a constant number
Suppose you want to multiply each cell in a column of seven numbers by a number that is contained in another cell. In this example, the number you want to multiply by is 3, contained in cell C2.

A 
B 
C 
Data 
Formula 
Constant 
15000 
=A2*$C$2 
3 
12 
=A3*$C$2 

48 
=A4*$C$2 

729 
=A5*$C$2 

1534 
=A6*$C$2 

288 
=A7*$C$2 

4306 
=A8*$C$2 


 Type =A2*$C$2 in cell B2. Be sure to include a $ symbol before C and before 2 in the formula.
 Drag the formula in B2 down to the other cells in column B.
Note Using $ symbols tells Excel that the reference to C2 is "absolute," which means that when you copy the formula to another cell, the reference will always be to cell C2. If you didn't use $ symbols in the formula and you dragged the formula down to cell B3, Excel would change the formula to =A3*C3, which wouldn't work, because there is no value in C3.
Top of Page
Multiply numbers in different cells by using a formula
To do this task, use the asterisk (*) operator or the PRODUCT function.
Example
The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.
How to copy an example
 Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
 Select the example in the Help topic.
Note Do not select the row or column headers.
Selecting an example from Help
 Press CTRL+C.
 In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.
 To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

A 
Data 
5 
15 
30 
Formula 
Description (Result) 
=A2*A3 
Multiplies the numbers in the first two cells (75) 
=PRODUCT(A2:A4) 
Multiplies all the numbers in the range (2250) 
=PRODUCT(A2:A4,2) 
Multiplies all the numbers in the range, and 2 (4500) 

You can use any combination of up to 255 numbers or cell references in the PRODUCT function. For example, the formula =PRODUCT(A2,A4:A15,12,E3:E5,150,G4,H4:J6) multiplies two single cells (A2 and G4), two numbers (12 and 150), and three ranges (A4:A15, E3:E5, and H4:J6).
Top of Page