LOWER function

Converts all uppercase letters in a text string to lowercase.



Text     is the text you want to convert to lowercase. LOWER does not change characters in text that are not letters.


The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

ShowHow to copy an example

  1. Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
  2. Select the example in the Help topic.

 Note   Do not select the row or column headers.

Selecting an example from Help

Selecting an example from Help
  1. Press CTRL+C.
  2. In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.
  3. To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.
E. E. Cummings
Apt. 2B
Formula Description (Result)
=LOWER(A2) Lower case of first string (e. e. cummings)
=LOWER(A3) Lower case of last string (apt. 2b)
Applies to:
Excel 2007