HYPERLINK function

This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the HYPERLINK function (function: A prewritten formula that takes a value or values, performs an operation, and returns a value or values. Use functions to simplify and shorten formulas on a worksheet, especially those that perform lengthy or complex calculations.) in Microsoft Excel.


Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet (intranet: A network within an organization that uses Internet technologies (such as the HTTP or FTP protocol). By using hyperlinks, you can explore objects, documents, pages, and other destinations on the intranet.), or the Internet. When you click the cell that contains the HYPERLINK function, Microsoft Excel opens the file that is stored at link_location.


HYPERLINK(link_location, [friendly_name])

The HYPERLINK function syntax has the following arguments (argument: A value that provides information to an action, an event, a method, a property, a function, or a procedure.):

  • Link_location    Required. The path and file name to the document to be opened. Link_location can refer to a place in a document — such as a specific cell or named range in an Excel worksheet or workbook, or to a bookmark in a Microsoft Word document. The path can be to a file that is stored on a hard disk drive. The path can also be a universal naming convention (UNC) path on a server (in Microsoft Excel for Windows) or a Uniform Resource Locator (URL (Uniform Resource Locator (URL): An address that specifies a protocol (such as HTTP or FTP) and a location of an object, document, World Wide Web page, or other destination on the Internet or an intranet, for example: http://www.microsoft.com/.)) path on the Internet or an intranet.

    Note    Excel Online the HYPERLINK function is valid for web addresses (URLs) only. Link_location can be a text string enclosed in quotation marks or a reference to a cell that contains the link as a text string.

    If the jump specified in link_location does not exist or cannot be navigated, an error appears when you click the cell.
  • Friendly_name    Optional. The jump text or numeric value that is displayed in the cell. Friendly_name is displayed in blue and is underlined. If friendly_name is omitted, the cell displays the link_location as the jump text.

    Friendly_name can be a value, a text string, a name, or a cell that contains the jump text or value.

    If friendly_name returns an error value (for example, #VALUE!), the cell displays the error instead of the jump text.


In the Excel desktop application, to select a cell that contains a hyperlink without jumping to the hyperlink destination, click the cell and hold the mouse button until the pointer becomes a cross Excel selection cursor, then release the mouse button. In Excel Online, select a cell by clicking it when the pointer is an arrow; jump to the hyperlink destination by clicking when they pointer is a pointing hand.


The workbook below shows examples of this function. Inspect them, change existing formulas, or enter your own formulas to learn how the function works.

To work more in-depth with the example data in Excel, download the embedded workbook to your computer, and then open it in Excel.

Applies to:
Excel 2013, Excel Online