GESTEP function

This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the GESTEP function (function: A prewritten formula that takes a value or values, performs an operation, and returns a value or values. Use functions to simplify and shorten formulas on a worksheet, especially those that perform lengthy or complex calculations.) in Microsoft Excel.


Returns 1 if number ≥ step; returns 0 (zero) otherwise. Use this function to filter a set of values. For example, by summing several GESTEP functions you calculate the count of values that exceed a threshold.


GESTEP(number, [step])

The GESTEP function syntax has the following arguments (argument: A value that provides information to an action, an event, a method, a property, a function, or a procedure.):

  • Number    Required. The value to test against step.
  • Step    Optional. The threshold value. If you omit a value for step, GESTEP uses zero.


If any argument is nonnumeric, GESTEP returns the #VALUE! error value.


The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

ShowHow do I copy an example?

  1. Select the example in this article. If you are copying the example in Excel Online, copy and paste one cell at a time.
    Important: Do not select the row or column headers.

Selecting an example from Help

Selecting an example from Help

  1. Press CTRL+C.
  2. Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
  3. In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V. If you are working in Excel Online, repeat copying and pasting for each cell in the example.
    Important: For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.
  4. To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

Formula Description (Result)
=GESTEP(5, 4) Checks whether 5 is greater than or equal to 4 (1)
=GESTEP(5, 5) Checks whether 5 is greater than or equal to 5 (1)
=GESTEP(-4, -5) Checks whether -4 is greater than or equal to -5 (1)
=GESTEP(-1, 0) Checks whether -1 is greater than or equal to 0 (0)
Applies to:
Excel 2010, Excel Web App, SharePoint Online for enterprises, SharePoint Online for professionals and small businesses