# Excel functions (by category)

Important   The calculated results of formulas and some Excel worksheet functions may differ slightly between a Windows PC using x86 or x86-64 architecture and a Windows RT PC using ARM architecture. Learn more about the differences.

Worksheet functions are categorized by their functionality. If you know the category of the function that you are looking for, you can click that category.

Tip

You can also search the page by pressing Ctrl+F, typing the first few letters of a function or a word that describes what you are looking for, and then clicking Next.

## Compatibility functions

Important   All of these functions have been replaced with new functions that may provide improved accuracy and whose names better reflect their usage. Although these functions are still available for backward compatibility, you should consider using the new functions from now on, because these functions may not be available in future versions of Excel.

For more information about the new functions, see Statistical functions (reference).

Function Description
BETADIST function Returns the beta cumulative distribution function
BETAINV function Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution
BINOMDIST function Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability
CHIDIST function Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHIINV function Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHITEST function Returns the test for independence
CONFIDENCE function Returns the confidence interval for a population mean
COVAR function Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations
CRITBINOM function Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value
EXPONDIST function Returns the exponential distribution
FDIST function Returns the F probability distribution
FINV function Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution
FTEST function Returns the result of an F-test
GAMMADIST function Returns the gamma distribution
GAMMAINV function Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution
HYPGEOMDIST function Returns the hypergeometric distribution
LOGINV function Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution function
LOGNORMDIST function Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution
MODE function Returns the most common value in a data set
NEGBINOMDIST function Returns the negative binomial distribution
NORMDIST function Returns the normal cumulative distribution
NORMINV function Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution
NORMSDIST function Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution
NORMSINV function Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution
PERCENTILE function Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range
PERCENTRANK function Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set
POISSON function Returns the Poisson distribution
QUARTILE function Returns the quartile of a data set
RANK function Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers
STDEV function Estimates standard deviation based on a sample
STDEVP function Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population
TDIST function Returns the Student's t-distribution
TINV function Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution
TTEST function Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test
VAR function Estimates variance based on a sample
VARP function Calculates variance based on the entire population
WEIBULL function Returns the Weibull distribution
ZTEST function Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test

## Cube functions

Function Description
CUBEKPIMEMBER function Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) property and displays the KPI name in the cell. A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, that is used to monitor an organization's performance.
CUBEMEMBER function Returns a member or tuple from the cube. Use to validate that the member or tuple exists in the cube.
CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY function Returns the value of a member property from the cube. Use to validate that a member name exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member.
CUBERANKEDMEMBER function Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set. Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or the top 10 students.
CUBESET function Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel.
CUBESETCOUNT function Returns the number of items in a set.
CUBEVALUE function Returns an aggregated value from the cube.

## Database functions

Function Description
DAVERAGE function Returns the average of selected database entries
DCOUNT function Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database
DCOUNTA function Counts nonblank cells in a database
DGET function Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria
DMAX function Returns the maximum value from selected database entries
DMIN function Returns the minimum value from selected database entries
DPRODUCT function Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database
DSTDEV function Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries
DSTDEVP function Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries
DSUM function Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria
DVAR function Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries
DVARP function Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries

## Date and time functions

Function Description
DATE function Returns the serial number of a particular date
DATEVALUE function Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number
DAY function Converts a serial number to a day of the month
DAYS function Returns the number of days between two dates
DAYS360 function Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year
EDATE function Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date
EOMONTH function Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months
HOUR function Converts a serial number to an hour
ISOWEEKNUM function Returns the number of the ISO week number of the year for a given date
MINUTE function Converts a serial number to a minute
MONTH function Converts a serial number to a month
NETWORKDAYS function Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates
NETWORKDAYS.INTL function Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days
NOW function Returns the serial number of the current date and time
SECOND function Converts a serial number to a second
TIME function Returns the serial number of a particular time
TIMEVALUE function Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number
TODAY function Returns the serial number of today's date
WEEKDAY function Converts a serial number to a day of the week
WEEKNUM function Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year
WORKDAY function Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays
WORKDAY.INTL function Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days
YEAR function Converts a serial number to a year
YEARFRAC function Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date

## Engineering functions

Function Description
BESSELI function Returns the modified Bessel function In(x)
BESSELJ function Returns the Bessel function Jn(x)
BESSELK function Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x)
BESSELY function Returns the Bessel function Yn(x)
BIN2DEC function Converts a binary number to decimal
BIN2HEX function Converts a binary number to hexadecimal
BIN2OCT function Converts a binary number to octal
BITAND function Returns a 'Bitwise And' of two numbers
BITLSHIFT function Returns a value number shifted left by shift_amount bits
BITOR function Returns a bitwise OR of 2 numbers
BITRSHIFT function Returns a value number shifted right by shift_amount bits
BITXOR function Returns a bitwise 'Exclusive Or' of two numbers
COMPLEX function Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number
CONVERT function Converts a number from one measurement system to another
DEC2BIN function Converts a decimal number to binary
DEC2HEX function Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal
DEC2OCT function Converts a decimal number to octal
DELTA function Tests whether two values are equal
ERF function Returns the error function
ERF.PRECISE function Returns the error function
ERFC function Returns the complementary error function
ERFC.PRECISE function Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity
GESTEP function Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value
HEX2BIN function Converts a hexadecimal number to binary
HEX2DEC function Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal
HEX2OCT function Converts a hexadecimal number to octal
IMABS function Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number
IMAGINARY function Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number
IMARGUMENT function Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians
IMCONJUGATE function Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number
IMCOS function Returns the cosine of a complex number
IMCOSH function Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a complex number
IMCOT function Returns the cotangent of a complex number
IMCSC function Returns the cosecant of a complex number
IMCSCH function Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number
IMDIV function Returns the quotient of two complex numbers
IMEXP function Returns the exponential of a complex number
IMLN function Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number
IMLOG10 function Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number
IMLOG2 function Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number
IMPOWER function Returns a complex number raised to an integer power
IMPRODUCT function Returns the product of from 2 to 255 complex numbers
IMREAL function Returns the real coefficient of a complex number
IMSEC function Returns the secant of a complex number
IMSECH function Returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number
IMSIN function Returns the sine of a complex number
IMSINH function Returns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number
IMSQRT function Returns the square root of a complex number
IMSUB function Returns the difference between two complex numbers
IMSUM function Returns the sum of complex numbers
IMTAN function Returns the tangent of a complex number
OCT2BIN function Converts an octal number to binary
OCT2DEC function Converts an octal number to decimal
OCT2HEX function Converts an octal number to hexadecimal

## Financial functions

Function Description
ACCRINT function Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest
ACCRINTM function Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity
AMORDEGRC function Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient
AMORLINC function Returns the depreciation for each accounting period
COUPDAYBS function Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date
COUPDAYS function Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date
COUPDAYSNC function Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date
COUPNCD function Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date
COUPNUM function Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date
COUPPCD function Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date
CUMIPMT function Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods
CUMPRINC function Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods
DB function Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixed-declining balance method
DDB function Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the double-declining balance method or some other method that you specify
DISC function Returns the discount rate for a security
DOLLARDE function Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number
DOLLARFR function Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction
DURATION function Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments
EFFECT function Returns the effective annual interest rate
FV function Returns the future value of an investment
FVSCHEDULE function Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates
INTRATE function Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security
IPMT function Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period
IRR function Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows
ISPMT function Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment
MDURATION function Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of \$100
MIRR function Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates
NOMINAL function Returns the annual nominal interest rate
NPER function Returns the number of periods for an investment
NPV function Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate
ODDFPRICE function Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd first period
ODDFYIELD function Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period
ODDLPRICE function Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd last period
ODDLYIELD function Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period
PDURATION function Returns the number of periods required by an investment to reach a specified value
PMT function Returns the periodic payment for an annuity
PPMT function Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period
PRICE function Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest
PRICEDISC function Returns the price per \$100 face value of a discounted security
PRICEMAT function Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity
PV function Returns the present value of an investment
RATE function Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity
RECEIVED function Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security
RRI function Returns an equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment
SLN function Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period
SYD function Returns the sum-of-years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period
TBILLEQ function Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill
TBILLPRICE function Returns the price per \$100 face value for a Treasury bill
TBILLYIELD function Returns the yield for a Treasury bill
VDB function Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method
XIRR function Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic
XNPV function Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic
YIELD function Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest
YIELDDISC function Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill
YIELDMAT function Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity

## Information functions

Function Description
CELL function

Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell

Note    This function is not available in Excel Online.

ERROR.TYPE function Returns a number corresponding to an error type
INFO function

Returns information about the current operating environment

Note    This function is not available in Excel Online.

ISBLANK function Returns TRUE if the value is blank
ISERR function Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A
ISERROR function Returns TRUE if the value is any error value
ISEVEN function Returns TRUE if the number is even
ISFORMULA function Returns TRUE if there is a reference to a cell that contains a formula
ISLOGICAL function Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value
ISNA function Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value
ISNONTEXT function Returns TRUE if the value is not text
ISNUMBER function Returns TRUE if the value is a number
ISODD function Returns TRUE if the number is odd
ISREF function Returns TRUE if the value is a reference
ISTEXT function Returns TRUE if the value is text
N function Returns a value converted to a number
NA function Returns the error value #N/A
SHEET function Returns the sheet number of the referenced sheet
SHEETS function Returns the number of sheets in a reference
TYPE function Returns a number indicating the data type of a value

## Logical functions

Function Description
AND function Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE
FALSE function Returns the logical value FALSE
IF function Specifies a logical test to perform
IFERROR function Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula
IFNA function Returns the value you specify if the expression resolves to #N/A, otherwise returns the result of the expression
NOT function Reverses the logic of its argument
OR function Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE
TRUE function Returns the logical value TRUE
XOR function Returns a logical exclusive OR of all arguments

## Lookup and reference functions

Function Description
ADDRESS function Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet
AREAS function Returns the number of areas in a reference
CHOOSE function Chooses a value from a list of values
COLUMN function Returns the column number of a reference
COLUMNS function Returns the number of columns in a reference
FORMULATEXT function Returns the formula at the given reference as text
GETPIVOTDATA function Returns data stored in a PivotTable report
HLOOKUP function Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell
HYPERLINK function Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet
INDEX function Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array
INDIRECT function Returns a reference indicated by a text value
LOOKUP function Looks up values in a vector or array
MATCH function Looks up values in a reference or array
OFFSET function Returns a reference offset from a given reference
ROW function Returns the row number of a reference
ROWS function Returns the number of rows in a reference
RTD function Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation (Automation: A way to work with an application's objects from another application or development tool. Formerly called OLE Automation, Automation is an industry standard and a feature of the Component Object Model (COM).)
TRANSPOSE function Returns the transpose of an array
VLOOKUP function Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell

## Math and trigonometry functions

Function Description
ABS function Returns the absolute value of a number
ACOS function Returns the arccosine of a number
ACOSH function Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number
ACOT function Returns the arccotangent of a number
ACOTH function Returns the hyperbolic arccotangent of a number
AGGREGATE function Returns an aggregate in a list or database
ARABIC function Converts a Roman number to Arabic, as a number
ASIN function Returns the arcsine of a number
ASINH function Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number
ATAN function Returns the arctangent of a number
ATAN2 function Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates
ATANH function Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number
BASE function Converts a number into a text representation with the given radix (base)
CEILING function Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
CEILING.MATH function Rounds a number up, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
CEILING.PRECISE function Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up.
COMBIN function Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects
COMBINA function Returns the number of combinations with repetitions for a given number of items
COS function Returns the cosine of a number
COSH function Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number
COT function Returns the cotangent of an angle
COTH function Returns the hyperbolic cotangent of a number
CSC function Returns the cosecant of an angle
CSCH function Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle
DECIMAL function Converts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number
DEGREES function Converts radians to degrees
EVEN function Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer
EXP function Returns e raised to the power of a given number
FACT function Returns the factorial of a number
FACTDOUBLE function Returns the double factorial of a number
FLOOR function Rounds a number down, toward zero
FLOOR.MATH function Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
FLOOR.PRECISE function Rounds a number down to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded down.
GCD function Returns the greatest common divisor
INT function Rounds a number down to the nearest integer
ISO.CEILING function Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
LCM function Returns the least common multiple
LN function Returns the natural logarithm of a number
LOG function Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base
LOG10 function Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number
MDETERM function Returns the matrix determinant of an array
MINVERSE function Returns the matrix inverse of an array
MMULT function Returns the matrix product of two arrays
MOD function Returns the remainder from division
MROUND function Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple
MULTINOMIAL function Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers
MUNIT function Returns the unit matrix or the specified dimension
ODD function Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer
PI function Returns the value of pi
POWER function Returns the result of a number raised to a power
PRODUCT function Multiplies its arguments
QUOTIENT function Returns the integer portion of a division
RAND function Returns a random number between 0 and 1
RANDBETWEEN function Returns a random number between the numbers you specify
ROMAN function Converts an Arabic numeral to Roman, as text
ROUND function Rounds a number to a specified number of digits
ROUNDDOWN function Rounds a number down, toward zero
ROUNDUP function Rounds a number up, away from zero
SEC function Returns the secant of an angle
SECH function Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle
SERIESSUM function Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula
SIGN function Returns the sign of a number
SIN function Returns the sine of the given angle
SINH function Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number
SQRT function Returns a positive square root
SQRTPI function Returns the square root of (number * pi)
SUBTOTAL function Returns a subtotal in a list or database
SUM function Adds its arguments
SUMIF function Adds the cells specified by a given criteria
SUMIFS function Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria
SUMPRODUCT function Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components
SUMSQ function Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments
SUMX2MY2 function Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays
SUMX2PY2 function Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays
SUMXMY2 function Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays
TAN function Returns the tangent of a number
TANH function Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number
TRUNC function Truncates a number to an integer

## Statistical functions

Function Description
AVEDEV function Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean
AVERAGE function Returns the average of its arguments
AVERAGEA function Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
AVERAGEIF function Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria
AVERAGEIFS function Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria
BETA.DIST function Returns the beta cumulative distribution function
BETA.INV function Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution
BINOM.DIST function Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability
BINOM.DIST.RANGE function Returns the probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution
BINOM.INV function Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value
CHISQ.DIST function Returns the cumulative beta probability density function
CHISQ.DIST.RT function Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHISQ.INV function Returns the cumulative beta probability density function
CHISQ.INV.RT function Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHISQ.TEST function Returns the test for independence
CONFIDENCE.NORM function Returns the confidence interval for a population mean
CONFIDENCE.T function Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a Student's t distribution
CORREL function Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets
COUNT function Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments
COUNTA function Counts how many values are in the list of arguments
COUNTBLANK function Counts the number of blank cells within a range
COUNTIF function Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria
COUNTIFS function Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria
COVARIANCE.P function Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations
COVARIANCE.S function Returns the sample covariance, the average of the products deviations for each data point pair in two data sets
DEVSQ function Returns the sum of squares of deviations
EXPON.DIST function Returns the exponential distribution
F.DIST function Returns the F probability distribution
F.DIST.RT function Returns the F probability distribution
F.INV function Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution
F.INV.RT function Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution
F.TEST function Returns the result of an F-test
FISHER function Returns the Fisher transformation
FISHERINV function Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation
FORECAST function Returns a value along a linear trend
FREQUENCY function Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array
GAMMA function Returns the Gamma function value
GAMMA.DIST function Returns the gamma distribution
GAMMA.INV function Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution
GAMMALN function Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x)
GAMMALN.PRECISE function Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x)
GAUSS function Returns 0.5 less than the standard normal cumulative distribution
GEOMEAN function Returns the geometric mean
GROWTH function Returns values along an exponential trend
HARMEAN function Returns the harmonic mean
HYPGEOM.DIST function Returns the hypergeometric distribution
INTERCEPT function Returns the intercept of the linear regression line
KURT function Returns the kurtosis of a data set
LARGE function Returns the k-th largest value in a data set
LINEST function Returns the parameters of a linear trend
LOGEST function Returns the parameters of an exponential trend
LOGNORM.DIST function Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution
LOGNORM.INV function Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution
MAX function Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments
MAXA function Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
MEDIAN function Returns the median of the given numbers
MIN function Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments
MINA function Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
MODE.MULT function Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring, or repetitive values in an array or range of data
MODE.SNGL function Returns the most common value in a data set
NEGBINOM.DIST function Returns the negative binomial distribution
NORM.DIST function Returns the normal cumulative distribution
NORM.INV function Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution
NORM.S.DIST function Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution
NORM.S.INV function Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution
PEARSON function Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient
PERCENTILE.EXC function Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range, where k is in the range 0..1, exclusive
PERCENTILE.INC function Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range
PERCENTRANK.EXC function Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (0..1, exclusive) of the data set
PERCENTRANK.INC function Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set
PERMUT function Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects
PERMUTATIONA function Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects (with repetitions) that can be selected from the total objects
PHI function Returns the value of the density function for a standard normal distribution
POISSON.DIST function Returns the Poisson distribution
PROB function Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits
QUARTILE.EXC function Returns the quartile of the data set, based on percentile values from 0..1, exclusive
QUARTILE.INC function Returns the quartile of a data set
RANK.AVG function Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers
RANK.EQ function Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers
RSQ function Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient
SKEW function Returns the skewness of a distribution
SKEW.P function Returns the skewness of a distribution based on a population: a characterization of the degree of asymmetry of a distribution around its mean
SLOPE function Returns the slope of the linear regression line
SMALL function Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set
STANDARDIZE function Returns a normalized value
STDEV.P function Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population
STDEV.S function Estimates standard deviation based on a sample
STDEVA function Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values
STDEVPA function Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values
STEYX function Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression
T.DIST function Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution
T.DIST.2T function Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution
T.DIST.RT function Returns the Student's t-distribution
T.INV function Returns the t-value of the Student's t-distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom
T.INV.2T function Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution
T.TEST function Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test
TREND function Returns values along a linear trend
TRIMMEAN function Returns the mean of the interior of a data set
VAR.P function Calculates variance based on the entire population
VAR.S function Estimates variance based on a sample
VARA function Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values
VARPA function Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values
WEIBULL.DIST function Returns the Weibull distribution
Z.TEST function Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test

## Text functions

Function Description
ASC function Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters
BAHTTEXT function Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format
CHAR function Returns the character specified by the code number
CLEAN function Removes all nonprintable characters from text
CODE function Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string
CONCATENATE function Joins several text items into one text item
DBCS function Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters
DOLLAR function Converts a number to text, using the \$ (dollar) currency format
EXACT function Checks to see if two text values are identical
FIND, FINDB functions Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive)
FIXED function Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals
LEFT, LEFTB functions Returns the leftmost characters from a text value
LEN, LENB functions Returns the number of characters in a text string
LOWER function Converts text to lowercase
MID, MIDB functions Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify
NUMBERVALUE function Converts text to number in a locale-independent manner
PHONETIC function Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string
PROPER function Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value
REPLACE, REPLACEB functions Replaces characters within text
REPT function Repeats text a given number of times
RIGHT, RIGHTB functions Returns the rightmost characters from a text value
SEARCH, SEARCHB functions Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive)
SUBSTITUTE function Substitutes new text for old text in a text string
T function Converts its arguments to text
TEXT function Formats a number and converts it to text
TRIM function Removes spaces from text
UNICHAR function Returns the Unicode character that is references by the given numeric value
UNICODE function Returns the number (code point) that corresponds to the first character of the text
UPPER function Converts text to uppercase
VALUE function Converts a text argument to a number

## User defined functions that are installed with add-ins

If add-ins that you install contain functions, these add-in or automation functions will be available in the User Defined category in the Insert Function dialog box.

Note    User-defined functions (UDFs) are not available in Excel Online.

Function Description
CALL function Calls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource
EUROCONVERT function Converts a number to euros, converts a number from euros to a euro member currency, or converts a number from one euro member currency to another by using the euro as an intermediary (triangulation)
REGISTER.ID function Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered
SQL.REQUEST function Connects with an external data source and runs a query from a worksheet, then returns the result as an array without the need for macro programming

## Web functions

Function Description
ENCODEURL function

Returns a URL-encoded string

Note    This function is not available in Excel Online.

FILTERXML function

Returns specific data from the XML content by using the specified XPath

Note    This function is not available in Excel Online.

WEBSERVICE function

Returns data from a web service

Note    This function is not available in Excel Online.

Applies to:
Excel 2013, Excel Online