# Excel functions (alphabetical list)

 In Excel 2010, several functions have been implemented with new algorithms for improved accuracy.Read a blog post or try Office 2010!

Click any function name in the following list to see detailed help about that function.

Tip   Click a letter to advance to the section that contains functions that start with that letter. You can also search the page by pressing CTRL+F, typing the first few letters of a function or a word that describes what you are looking for, and then clicking Next.

Function name Type and description
ABS function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the absolute value of a number
ACCRINT function Financial:    Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest
ACCRINTM function Financial:    Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity
ACOS function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arccosine of a number
ACOSH function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number
ADDRESS function Lookup and reference:    Returns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet
AMORDEGRC function Financial:    Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient
AMORLINC function Financial:    Returns the depreciation for each accounting period
AND function Logical:    Returns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE
AREAS function Lookup and reference:    Returns the number of areas in a reference
ASC function Text:    Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters
ASIN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arcsine of a number
ASINH function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number
ATAN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arctangent of a number
ATAN2 function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates
ATANH function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number
AVEDEV function Statistical:    Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean
AVERAGE function Statistical:    Returns the average of its arguments
AVERAGEA function Statistical:    Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
AVERAGEIF function Statistical:    Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria
AVERAGEIFS function Statistical:    Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria.
BAHTTEXT function Text:    Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format
BESSELI function Engineering:    Returns the modified Bessel function In(x)
BESSELJ function Engineering:    Returns the Bessel function Jn(x)
BESSELK function Engineering:    Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x)
BESSELY function Engineering:    Returns the Bessel function Yn(x)
BETADIST function Statistical:    Returns the beta cumulative distribution function
BETAINV function Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution
BIN2DEC function Engineering:    Converts a binary number to decimal
BIN2HEX function Engineering:    Converts a binary number to hexadecimal
BIN2OCT function Engineering:    Converts a binary number to octal
BINOMDIST function Statistical:    Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability
CALL function Add-in and Automation:    Calls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource
CEILING function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance
CELL function Information:    Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell
CHAR function Text:    Returns the character specified by the code number
CHIDIST function Statistical:    Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHIINV function Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution
CHITEST function Statistical:    Returns the test for independence
CHOOSE function Lookup and reference:    Chooses a value from a list of values
CLEAN function Text:    Removes all nonprintable characters from text
CODE function Text:    Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string
COLUMN function Lookup and reference:    Returns the column number of a reference
COLUMNS function Lookup and reference:    Returns the number of columns in a reference
COMBIN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects
COMPLEX function Engineering:    Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number
CONCATENATE function Text:    Joins several text items into one text item
CONFIDENCE function Statistical:    Returns the confidence interval for a population mean
CONVERT function Engineering:    Converts a number from one measurement system to another
CORREL function Statistical:    Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets
COS function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the cosine of a number
COSH function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number
COUNT function Statistical:    Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments
COUNTA function Statistical:    Counts how many values are in the list of arguments
COUNTBLANK function Statistical:    Counts the number of blank cells within a range
COUNTIF function Statistical:    Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria
COUNTIFS function Statistical:    Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria
COUPDAYBS function Financial:    Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date
COUPDAYS function Financial:    Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date
COUPDAYSNC function Financial:    Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date
COUPNCD function Financial:    Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date
COUPNUM function Financial:    Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date
COUPPCD function Financial:    Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date
COVAR function Statistical:    Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations
CRITBINOM function Statistical:    Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value
CUBEKPIMEMBER function Cube:    Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) name, property, and measure, and displays the name and property in the cell. A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, used to monitor an organization's performance.
CUBEMEMBER function Cube:    Returns a member or tuple in a cube hierarchy. Use to validate that the member or tuple exists in the cube.
CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY function Cube:    Returns the value of a member property in the cube. Use to validate that a member name exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member.
CUBERANKEDMEMBER function Cube:    Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set. Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or top 10 students.
CUBESET function Cube:    Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel.
CUBESETCOUNT function Cube:    Returns the number of items in a set.
CUBEVALUE function Cube:    Returns an aggregated value from a cube.
CUMIPMT function Financial:    Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods
CUMPRINC function Financial:    Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods
DATE function Date and time:    Returns the serial number of a particular date
DATEVALUE function Date and time:    Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number
DAVERAGE function Database:    Returns the average of selected database entries
DAY function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a day of the month
DAYS360 function Date and time:    Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year
DB function Financial:    Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixed-declining balance method
DCOUNT function Database:    Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database
DCOUNTA function Database:    Counts nonblank cells in a database
DDB function Financial:    Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the double-declining balance method or some other method that you specify
DEC2BIN function Engineering:    Converts a decimal number to binary
DEC2HEX function Engineering:    Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal
DEC2OCT function Engineering:    Converts a decimal number to octal
DEGREES function Math and trigonometry:    Converts radians to degrees
DELTA function Engineering:    Tests whether two values are equal
DEVSQ function Statistical:    Returns the sum of squares of deviations
DGET function Database:    Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria
DISC function Financial:    Returns the discount rate for a security
DMAX function Database:    Returns the maximum value from selected database entries
DMIN function Database:    Returns the minimum value from selected database entries
DOLLAR function Text:    Converts a number to text, using the \$ (dollar) currency format
DOLLARDE function Financial:    Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number
DOLLARFR function Financial:    Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction
DPRODUCT function Database:    Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database
DSTDEV function Database:    Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries
DSTDEVP function Database:    Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries
DSUM function Database:    Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria
DURATION function Financial:    Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments
DVAR function Database:    Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries
DVARP function Database:    Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries
EDATE function Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date
EFFECT function Financial:    Returns the effective annual interest rate
EOMONTH function Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months
ERF function Engineering:    Returns the error function
ERFC function Engineering:    Returns the complementary error function
ERROR.TYPE function Information:    Returns a number corresponding to an error type
EUROCONVERT function Add-in and Automation:    Converts a number to euros, converts a number from euros to a euro member currency, or converts a number from one euro member currency to another by using the euro as an intermediary (triangulation).
EVEN function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer
EXACT function Text:    Checks to see if two text values are identical
EXP function Math and trigonometry:    Returns e raised to the power of a given number
EXPONDIST function Statistical:    Returns the exponential distribution
FACT function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the factorial of a number
FACTDOUBLE function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the double factorial of a number
FALSE function Logical:    Returns the logical value FALSE
FDIST function Statistical:    Returns the F probability distribution
FIND, FINDB functions Text:    Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive)
FINV function Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution
FISHER function Statistical:    Returns the Fisher transformation
FISHERINV function Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation
FIXED function Text:    Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals
FLOOR function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number down, toward zero
FORECAST function Statistical:    Returns a value along a linear trend
FREQUENCY function Statistical:    Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array
FTEST function Statistical:
FV function Financial:    Returns the future value of an investment
FVSCHEDULE function Financial:    Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates
GAMMADIST function Statistical:    Returns the gamma distribution
GAMMAINV function Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution
GAMMALN function Statistical:    Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, Γ(x)
GCD function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the greatest common divisor
GEOMEAN function Statistical:    Returns the geometric mean
GESTEP function Engineering:    Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value
GETPIVOTDATA function Add-in and Automation:    Returns data stored in a PivotTable report
GROWTH function Statistical:    Returns values along an exponential trend
HARMEAN function Statistical:    Returns the harmonic mean
HEX2BIN function Engineering:    Converts a hexadecimal number to binary
HEX2DEC function Engineering:    Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal
HEX2OCT function Engineering:    Converts a hexadecimal number to octal
HLOOKUP function Lookup and reference:    Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell
HOUR function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to an hour
HYPERLINK function Lookup and reference:    Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or the Internet
HYPGEOMDIST function Statistical:    Returns the hypergeometric distribution
IF function Logical:    Specifies a logical test to perform
IFERROR function Logical:    Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula
IMABS function Engineering:    Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number
IMAGINARY function Engineering:    Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number
IMARGUMENT function Engineering:    Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians
IMCONJUGATE function Engineering:    Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number
IMCOS function Engineering:    Returns the cosine of a complex number
IMDIV function Engineering:    Returns the quotient of two complex numbers
IMEXP function Engineering:    Returns the exponential of a complex number
IMLN function Engineering:    Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number
IMLOG10 function Engineering:    Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number
IMLOG2 function Engineering:    Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number
IMPOWER function Engineering:    Returns a complex number raised to an integer power
IMPRODUCT function Engineering:    Returns the product of complex numbers
IMREAL function Engineering:    Returns the real coefficient of a complex number
IMSIN function Engineering:    Returns the sine of a complex number
IMSQRT function Engineering:    Returns the square root of a complex number
IMSUB function Engineering:    Returns the difference between two complex numbers
IMSUM function Engineering:    Returns the sum of complex numbers
INDEX function Lookup and reference:    Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array
INDIRECT function Lookup and reference:    Returns a reference indicated by a text value
INFO function Information:    Returns information about the current operating environment
INT function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number down to the nearest integer
INTERCEPT function Statistical:    Returns the intercept of the linear regression line
INTRATE function Financial:    Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security
IPMT function Financial:    Returns the interest payment for an investment for a given period
IRR function Financial:    Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows

IS functions

Provides comprehensive information about the individual functions shown in the list on the right.

Information:    For each of the following functions, returns TRUE based on the specified condition.

ISBLANK    Returns TRUE if the value is blank

ISERR    Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A

ISERROR    Returns TRUE if the value is any error value

ISEVEN    Returns TRUE if the number is even

ISLOGICAL    Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value

ISNA    Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value

ISNONTEXT    Returns TRUE if the value is not text

ISNUMBER    Returns TRUE if the value is a number

ISODD    Returns TRUE if the number is odd

ISREF    Returns TRUE if the value is a reference

ISTEXT    Returns TRUE if the value is text

ISPMT function Financial:    Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment
JIS function Text:    Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters
KURT function Statistical:    Returns the kurtosis of a data set
LARGE function Statistical:    Returns the k-th largest value in a data set
LCM function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the least common multiple
LEFT, LEFTB functions Text:    Returns the leftmost characters from a text value
LEN, LENB functions Text:    Returns the number of characters in a text string
LINEST function Statistical:    Returns the parameters of a linear trend
LN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the natural logarithm of a number
LOG function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base
LOG10 function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number
LOGEST function Statistical:    Returns the parameters of an exponential trend
LOGINV function Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the lognormal distribution
LOGNORMDIST function Statistical:    Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution
LOOKUP function Lookup and reference:    Looks up values in a vector or array
LOWER function Text:    Converts text to lowercase
MATCH function Lookup and reference:    Looks up values in a reference or array
MAX function Statistical:    Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments
MAXA function Statistical:    Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
MDETERM function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the matrix determinant of an array
MDURATION function Financial:    Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of \$100
MEDIAN function Statistical:    Returns the median of the given numbers
MID, MIDB functions Text:    Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify
MIN function Statistical:    Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments
MINA function Statistical:    Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values
MINUTE function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a minute
MINVERSE function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the matrix inverse of an array
MIRR function Financial:    Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates
MMULT function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the matrix product of two arrays
MOD function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the remainder from division
MODE function Statistical:    Returns the most common value in a data set
MONTH function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a month
MROUND function Math and trigonometry:    Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple
MULTINOMIAL function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers
N function Information:    Returns a value converted to a number
NA function Information:    Returns the error value #N/A
NEGBINOMDIST function Statistical:    Returns the negative binomial distribution
NETWORKDAYS function Date and time:    Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates
NOMINAL function Financial:    Returns the annual nominal interest rate
NORMDIST function Statistical:    Returns the normal cumulative distribution
NORMINV function Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution
NORMSDIST function Statistical:    Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution
NORMSINV function Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution
NOT function Logical:    Reverses the logic of its argument
NOW function Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the current date and time
NPER function Financial:    Returns the number of periods for an investment
NPV function Financial:    Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate
OCT2BIN function Engineering:    Converts an octal number to binary
OCT2DEC function Engineering:    Converts an octal number to decimal
OCT2HEX function Engineering:    Converts an octal number to hexadecimal
ODD function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer
ODDFPRICE function Financial:    Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd first period
ODDFYIELD function Financial:    Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period
ODDLPRICE function Financial:    Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd last period
ODDLYIELD function Financial:    Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period
OFFSET function Lookup and reference:    Returns a reference offset from a given reference
OR function Logical:    Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE
PEARSON function Statistical:    Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient
PERCENTILE function Statistical:    Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range
PERCENTRANK function Statistical:    Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set
PERMUT function Statistical:    Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects
PHONETIC function Text:    Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string
PI function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the value of pi
PMT function Financial:    Returns the periodic payment for an annuity
POISSON function Statistical:    Returns the Poisson distribution
POWER function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the result of a number raised to a power
PPMT function Financial:    Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period
PRICE function Financial:    Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest
PRICEDISC function Financial:    Returns the price per \$100 face value of a discounted security
PRICEMAT function Financial:    Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity
PROB function Statistical:    Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits
PRODUCT function Math and trigonometry:    Multiplies its arguments
PROPER function Text:    Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value
PV function Financial:    Returns the present value of an investment
QUARTILE function Statistical:    Returns the quartile of a data set
QUOTIENT function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the integer portion of a division
RADIANS function Math and trigonometry:    Converts degrees to radians
RAND function Math and trigonometry:    Returns a random number between 0 and 1
RANDBETWEEN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns a random number between the numbers you specify
RANK function Statistical:    Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers
RATE function Financial:    Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity
RECEIVED function Financial:    Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security
REGISTER.ID function Add-in and Automation:    Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered
REPLACE, REPLACEB functions Text:    Replaces characters within text
REPT function Text:    Repeats text a given number of times
RIGHT, RIGHTB functions Text:    Returns the rightmost characters from a text value
ROMAN function Math and trigonometry:    Converts an arabic numeral to roman, as text
ROUND function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number to a specified number of digits
ROUNDDOWN function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number down, toward zero
ROUNDUP function Math and trigonometry:    Rounds a number up, away from zero
ROW function Lookup and reference:    Returns the row number of a reference
ROWS function Lookup and reference:    Returns the number of rows in a reference
RSQ function Statistical:    Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient
RTD function Lookup and reference:    Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation (Automation: A way to work with an application's objects from another application or development tool. Formerly called OLE Automation, Automation is an industry standard and a feature of the Component Object Model (COM).)
SEARCH, SEARCHB functions Text:    Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive)
SECOND function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a second
SERIESSUM function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula
SIGN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sign of a number
SIN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sine of the given angle
SINH function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number
SKEW function Statistical:    Returns the skewness of a distribution
SLN function Financial:    Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period
SLOPE function Statistical:    Returns the slope of the linear regression line
SMALL function Statistical:    Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set
SQL.REQUEST function Add-in and Automation:    Connects with an external data source and runs a query from a worksheet, then returns the result as an array without the need for macro programming
SQRT function Math and trigonometry:    Returns a positive square root
SQRTPI function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the square root of (number * pi)
STANDARDIZE function Statistical:    Returns a normalized value
STDEV function Statistical:    Estimates standard deviation based on a sample
STDEVA function Statistical:    Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values
STDEVP function Statistical:    Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population
STDEVPA function Statistical:    Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values
STEYX function Statistical:    Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression
SUBSTITUTE function Text:    Substitutes new text for old text in a text string
SUBTOTAL function Math and trigonometry:    Returns a subtotal in a list or database
SUM function Math and trigonometry:    Adds its arguments
SUMIF function Math and trigonometry:    Adds the cells specified by a given criteria
SUMIFS function Math and trigonometry:    Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria
SUMPRODUCT function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components
SUMSQ function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments
SUMX2MY2 function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays
SUMX2PY2 function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays
SUMXMY2 function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays
SYD function Financial:    Returns the sum-of-years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period
T function Text:    Converts its arguments to text
TAN function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the tangent of a number
TANH function Math and trigonometry:    Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number
TBILLEQ function Financial:    Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill
TBILLPRICE function Financial:    Returns the price per \$100 face value for a Treasury bill
TBILLYIELD function Financial:    Returns the yield for a Treasury bill
TDIST function Statistical:    Returns the Student's t-distribution
TEXT function Text:    Formats a number and converts it to text
TIME function Date and time:    Returns the serial number of a particular time
TIMEVALUE function Date and time:    Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number
TINV function Statistical:    Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution
TODAY function Date and time:    Returns the serial number of today's date
TRANSPOSE function Lookup and reference:    Returns the transpose of an array
TREND function Statistical:    Returns values along a linear trend
TRIM function Text:    Removes spaces from text
TRIMMEAN function Statistical:    Returns the mean of the interior of a data set
TRUE function Logical:    Returns the logical value TRUE
TRUNC function Math and trigonometry:    Truncates a number to an integer
TTEST function Statistical:    Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test
TYPE function Information:    Returns a number indicating the data type of a value
UPPER function Text:    Converts text to uppercase
VALUE function Text:    Converts a text argument to a number
VAR function Statistical:    Estimates variance based on a sample
VARA function Statistical:    Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values
VARP function Statistical:    Calculates variance based on the entire population
VARPA function Statistical:    Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values
VDB function Financial:    Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method
VLOOKUP function Lookup and reference:    Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell
WEEKDAY function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a day of the week
WEEKNUM function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year
WEIBULL function Statistical:    Calculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values
WORKDAY function Date and time:    Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays
XIRR function Financial:    Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic
XNPV function Financial:    Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic
YEAR function Date and time:    Converts a serial number to a year
YEARFRAC function Date and time:    Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date
YIELD function Financial:    Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest
YIELDDISC function Financial:    Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill
YIELDMAT function Financial:    Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity
ZTEST function Statistical:    Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test

Applies to:
Excel 2007