This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the COUNTA function (function: A prewritten formula that takes a value or values, performs an operation, and returns a value or values. Use functions to simplify and shorten formulas on a worksheet, especially those that perform lengthy or complex calculations.) in Microsoft Excel.
The COUNTA function counts the number of cells that are not empty in a range (range: Two or more cells on a sheet. The cells in a range can be adjacent or nonadjacent.).
COUNTA(value1, [value2], ...)
The COUNTA function syntax has the following arguments (argument: A value that provides information to an action, an event, a method, a property, a function, or a procedure.):
- value1 Required. The first argument representing the values that you want to count.
- value2, ... Optional. Additional arguments representing the values that you want to count, up to a maximum of 255 arguments.
- The COUNTA function counts cells containing any type of information, including error values and empty text (""). For example, if the range contains a formula that returns an empty string, the COUNTA function counts that value. The COUNTA function does not count empty cells.
- If you do not need to count logical values, text, or error values (in other words, if you want to count only cells that contain numbers), use the COUNT function.
- If you want to count only cells that meet certain criteria, use the COUNTIF function or the COUNTIFS function.
The workbook below shows examples of this function. Inspect them, change existing formulas, or enter your own formulas to learn how the function works.
To work more in-depth with the example data in Excel, download the embedded workbook to your computer, and then open it in Excel.