CONVERT function

Converts a number from one measurement system to another. For example, CONVERT can translate a table of distances in miles to a table of distances in kilometers.

Syntax

CONVERT(number,from_unit,to_unit)

Number     is the value in from_units to convert.

From_unit     is the units for number.

To_unit     is the units for the result. CONVERT accepts the following text values (in quotation marks) for from_unit and to_unit.

Weight and mass From_unit or to_unit
Gram "g"
Slug "sg"
Pound mass (avoirdupois) "lbm"
U (atomic mass unit) "u"
Ounce mass (avoirdupois) "ozm"
Distance From_unit or to_unit
Meter "m"
Statute mile "mi"
Nautical mile "Nmi"
Inch "in"
Foot "ft"
Yard "yd"
Angstrom "ang"
Pica (1/72 in.) "Pica"
Time From_unit or to_unit
Year "yr"
Day "day"
Hour "hr"
Minute "mn"
Second "sec"
Pressure From_unit or to_unit
Pascal "Pa" (or "p")
Atmosphere "atm" (or "at")
mm of Mercury "mmHg"
Force From_unit or to_unit
Newton "N"
Dyne "dyn" (or "dy")
Pound force "lbf"
Energy From_unit or to_unit
Joule "J"
Erg "e"
Thermodynamic calorie "c"
IT calorie "cal"
Electron volt "eV" (or "ev")
Horsepower-hour "HPh" (or "hh")
Watt-hour "Wh" (or "wh")
Foot-pound "flb"
BTU "BTU" (or "btu")
Power From_unit or to_unit
Horsepower "HP" (or "h")
Watt "W" (or "w")
Magnetism From_unit or to_unit
Tesla "T"
Gauss "ga"
Temperature From_unit or to_unit
Degree Celsius "C" (or "cel")
Degree Fahrenheit "F" (or "fah")
Kelvin "K" (or "kel")
Liquid measure From_unit or to_unit
Teaspoon "tsp"
Tablespoon "tbs"
Fluid ounce "oz"
Cup "cup"
U.S. pint "pt" (or "us_pt")
U.K. pint "uk_pt"
Quart "qt"
Gallon "gal"
Liter "l" (or "lt")

The following abbreviated unit prefixes can be prepended to any metric from_unit or to_unit.

Prefix Multiplier Abbreviation
exa 1E+18 "E"
peta 1E+15 "P"
tera 1E+12 "T"
giga 1E+09 "G"
mega 1E+06 "M"
kilo 1E+03 "k"
hecto 1E+02 "h"
dekao 1E+01 "e"
deci 1E-01 "d"
centi 1E-02 "c"
milli 1E-03 "m"
micro 1E-06 "u"
nano 1E-09 "n"
pico 1E-12 "p"
femto 1E-15 "f"
atto 1E-18 "a"

Remarks

  • If the input data types are incorrect, CONVERT returns the #VALUE! error value.
  • If the unit does not exist, CONVERT returns the #N/A error value.
  • If the unit does not support an abbreviated unit prefix, CONVERT returns the #N/A error value.
  • If the units are in different groups, CONVERT returns the #N/A error value.
  • Unit names and prefixes are case-sensitive.

Example

The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

ShowHow to copy an example

  • Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
  • Select the example in the Help topic.

 Note   Do not select the row or column headers.

Selecting an example from Help

Selecting an example from Help
  • Press CTRL+C.
  • In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.
  • To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.
 
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Formula Description (Result)
=CONVERT(1.0, "lbm", "kg") Converts 1 pound mass to kilograms (0.453592)
=CONVERT(68, "F", "C") Converts 68 degrees Fahrenheit to Celsius (20)
=CONVERT(2.5, "ft", "sec") Data types are not the same so an error is returned (#N/A)
=CONVERT(CONVERT(100,"ft","m"),"ft","m") Converts 100 square feet into square meters (9.290304).
 
 
Applies to:
Excel 2007