Change the case of text

Let's say that you want to convert text from uppercase to lowercase or from lowercase to proper case to make it more readable. To change the case of text, you can use the UPPER, LOWER, or PROPER functions as shown in the following example.


The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

ShowHow do I copy an example?

  1. Select the example in this article. If you are copying the example in Excel Web App, copy and paste one cell at a time.Important Do not select the row or column headers.

Selecting an example from Help

Selecting an example from Help

  1. Press CTRL+C.
  2. Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
  3. In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V. If you are working in Excel Web App, repeat copying and pasting for each cell in the example.

Important For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.

  1. To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.


sara Davis
Formula Description (Result)
=UPPER(A2) Changes text to all UPPERCASE (SARA DAVIS)
=LOWER(A2) Changes text to all lowercase (sara davis)
=PROPER(A2) Changes text to Title Case (Sara Davis)

 Note   You can use these functions to change the case of text in one cell at a time only. To change the case of text for a range of cells, you can use these functions in an array formula (array formula: A formula that performs multiple calculations on one or more sets of values, and then returns either a single result or multiple results. Array formulas are enclosed between braces { } and are entered by pressing CTRL+SHIFT+ENTER.). For more information, see Guidelines and examples of array formulas.

For more information about how to use these functions, see UPPER function, LOWER function, and PROPER function.

Applies to:
Excel 2007