This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the CELL function (function: A prewritten formula that takes a value or values, performs an operation, and returns a value or values. Use functions to simplify and shorten formulas on a worksheet, especially those that perform lengthy or complex calculations.) in Microsoft Excel.
The CELL function returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell. For example, if you want to verify that a cell contains a numeric value instead of text before you perform a calculation on it, you can use the following formula:
=IF(CELL("type", A1) = "v", A1 * 2, 0)
This formula calculates A1*2 only if cell A1 contains a numeric value, and returns 0 if A1 contains text or is blank.
The CELL function syntax has the following arguments (argument: A value that provides information to an action, an event, a method, a property, a function, or a procedure.):
- info_type Required. A text value that specifies what type of cell information you want to return. The following list shows the possible values of the info_type argument and the corresponding results.
||Reference of the first cell in reference, as text.
||Column number of the cell in reference.
||The value 1 if the cell is formatted in color for negative values; otherwise returns 0 (zero).
||Value of the upper-left cell in reference; not a formula.
||Filename (including full path) of the file that contains reference, as text. Returns empty text ("") if the worksheet that contains reference has not yet been saved.
||Text value corresponding to the number format of the cell. The text values for the various formats are shown in the following table. Returns "-" at the end of the text value if the cell is formatted in color for negative values. Returns "()" at the end of the text value if the cell is formatted with parentheses for positive or all values.
||The value 1 if the cell is formatted with parentheses for positive or all values; otherwise returns 0.
||Text value corresponding to the "label prefix" of the cell. Returns single quotation mark (') if the cell contains left-aligned text, double quotation mark (") if the cell contains right-aligned text, caret (^) if the cell contains centered text, backslash (\) if the cell contains fill-aligned text, and empty text ("") if the cell contains anything else.
||The value 0 if the cell is not locked; otherwise returns 1 if the cell is locked.
||Row number of the cell in reference.
||Text value corresponding to the type of data in the cell. Returns "b" for blank if the cell is empty, "l" for label if the cell contains a text constant, and "v" for value if the cell contains anything else.
||Column width of the cell, rounded off to an integer. Each unit of column width is equal to the width of one character in the default font size.
- reference Optional. The cell that you want information about. If omitted, the information specified in the info_type argument is returned for the last cell that was changed. If the reference argument is a range of cells, the CELL function returns the information for only the upper left cell of the range.
CELL format codes
The following list describes the text values that the CELL function returns when the info_type argument is "format" and the reference argument is a cell that is formatted with a built-in number format.
|If the Excel format is
||The CELL function returns
|# ?/? or # ??/??
|m/d/yy or m/d/yy h:mm or mm/dd/yy
|d-mmm-yy or dd-mmm-yy
|d-mmm or dd-mmm
Note If the info_type argument in the CELL function is "format" and you later apply a different format to the referenced cell, you must recalculate the worksheet to update the results of the CELL function.
Use the embedded workbook shown here to work with examples of this function. You can inspect and change existing formulas, enter your own formulas, and read further information about how the function works.
These examples use the CELL function to return different kinds of information about the targeted cells.
To work in-depth with this workbook, you can download it to your computer and open it in Excel. For more information, see the article Download an embedded workbook from OneDrive and open it on your computer.