This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the AVERAGEIFS function (function: A prewritten formula that takes a value or values, performs an operation, and returns a value or values. Use functions to simplify and shorten formulas on a worksheet, especially those that perform lengthy or complex calculations.) in Microsoft Excel.
Description
Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria.
Syntax
AVERAGEIFS(average_range, criteria_range1, criteria1, [criteria_range2, criteria2], ...)
The AVERAGEIFS function syntax has the following arguments (argument: A value that provides information to an action, an event, a method, a property, a function, or a procedure.):
 Average_range Required. One or more cells to average, including numbers or names, arrays, or references that contain numbers.
 Criteria_range1, criteria_range2, … Criteria_range1 is required, subsequent criteria_ranges are optional. 1 to 127 ranges in which to evaluate the associated criteria.
 Criteria1, criteria2, ... Criteria1 is required, subsequent criteria are optional. 1 to 127 criteria in the form of a number, expression, cell reference, or text that define which cells will be averaged. For example, criteria can be expressed as 32, "32", ">32", "apples", or B4.
Remarks
 If average_range is a blank or text value, AVERAGEIFS returns the #DIV0! error value.
 If a cell in a criteria range is empty, AVERAGEIFS treats it as a 0 value.
 Cells in range that contain TRUE evaluate as 1; cells in range that contain FALSE evaluate as 0 (zero).
 Each cell in average_range is used in the average calculation only if all of the corresponding criteria specified are true for that cell.
 Unlike the range and criteria arguments in the AVERAGEIF function, in AVERAGEIFS each criteria_range must be the same size and shape as sum_range.
 If cells in average_range cannot be translated into numbers, AVERAGEIFS returns the #DIV0! error value.
 If there are no cells that meet all the criteria, AVERAGEIFS returns the #DIV/0! error value.
 You can use the wildcard characters, question mark (?) and asterisk (*), in criteria. A question mark matches any single character; an asterisk matches any sequence of characters. If you want to find an actual question mark or asterisk, type a tilde (~) before the character.
Note The AVERAGEIFS function measures central tendency, which is the location of the center of a group of numbers in a statistical distribution. The three most common measures of central tendency are:
 Average which is the arithmetic mean, and is calculated by adding a group of numbers and then dividing by the count of those numbers. For example, the average of 2, 3, 3, 5, 7, and 10 is 30 divided by 6, which is 5.
 Median which is the middle number of a group of numbers; that is, half the numbers have values that are greater than the median, and half the numbers have values that are less than the median. For example, the median of 2, 3, 3, 5, 7, and 10 is 4.
 Mode which is the most frequently occurring number in a group of numbers. For example, the mode of 2, 3, 3, 5, 7, and 10 is 3.
For a symmetrical distribution of a group of numbers, these three measures of central tendency are all the same. For a skewed distribution of a group of numbers, they can be different.
Examples
Example: Averaging student grades
The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.
How do I copy an example?
 Select the example in this article. If you are copying the example in Excel Online, copy and paste one cell at a time.
Important: Do not select the row or column headers.
Selecting an example from Help
 Press CTRL+C.
 Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
 In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V. If you are working in Excel Online, repeat copying and pasting for each cell in the example.
Important: For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.
 To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.
After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

A 
B 
C 
D 
Student 
First Quiz Grade 
Second Quiz Grade 
Final Exam Grade 
Emilio 
75 
85 
87 
Julie 
94 
80 
88 
Hans 
86 
93 
Incomplete 
Frederique 
Incomplete 
75 
75 
Formula 
Description (result) 


=AVERAGEIFS(B2:B5, B2:B5, ">70", B2:B5, "<90") 
Average first quiz grade that falls between 70 and 90 for all students (80.5). The score marked "Incomplete" is not included in the calculation because it is not a numerical value. 


=AVERAGEIFS(C2:C5, C2:C5, ">95") 
Average second quiz grade that is greater than 95 for all students. Because there are no scores greater than 95, #DIV0! is returned. 


=AVERAGEIFS(D2:D5, D2:D5, "<>Incomplete", D2:D5, ">80") 
Average final exam grade that is greater than 80 for all students (87.5). The score marked "Incomplete" is not included in the calculation because it is not a numerical value. 



Example: Averaging real estate prices
The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.
How do I copy an example?
 Select the example in this article. If you are copying the example in Excel Online, copy and paste one cell at a time.
Important: Do not select the row or column headers.
Selecting an example from Help
 Press CTRL+C.
 Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
 In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V. If you are working in Excel Online, repeat copying and pasting for each cell in the example.
Important: For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.
 To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.
After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

A 
B 
C 
D 
E 
Type 
Price 
Town 
Number of Bedrooms 
Garage? 
Cozy Rambler 
230000 
Issaquah 
3 
No 
Snug Bungalow 
197000 
Bellevue 
2 
Yes 
Cool Cape Codder 
345678 
Bellevue 
4 
Yes 
Splendid Split Level 
321900 
Issaquah 
2 
Yes 
Exclusive Tudor 
450000 
Bellevue 
5 
Yes 
Classy Colonial 
395000 
Bellevue 
4 
No 
Formula 
Description (result) 



=AVERAGEIFS(B2:B7, C2:C7, "Bellevue", D2:D7, ">2" ,E2:E7, "Yes") 
Average price of a home in Bellevue that has at least 3 bedrooms and a garage (397839) 



=AVERAGEIFS(B2:B7, C2:C7, "Issaquah", D2:D7, "<=3" ,E2:E7, "No") 
Average price of a home in Issaquah that has up to 3 bedrooms and no garage (230000) 



