This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the AVEDEV function (function: A prewritten formula that takes a value or values, performs an operation, and returns a value or values. Use functions to simplify and shorten formulas on a worksheet, especially those that perform lengthy or complex calculations.) in Microsoft Excel.
Description
Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean. AVEDEV is a measure of the variability in a data set.
Syntax
AVEDEV(number1, [number2], ...)
The AVEDEV function syntax has the following arguments (argument: A value that provides information to an action, an event, a method, a property, a function, or a procedure.):
 Number1, number2, ... Number1 is required, subsequent numbers are optional. 1 to 255 arguments for which you want the average of the absolute deviations. You can also use a single array or a reference to an array instead of arguments separated by commas.
Remarks
 AVEDEV is influenced by the unit of measurement in the input data.
 Arguments must either be numbers or be names, arrays, or references that contain numbers.
 Logical values and text representations of numbers that you type directly into the list of arguments are counted.
 If an array or reference argument contains text, logical values, or empty cells, those values are ignored; however, cells with the value zero are included.
 The equation for average deviation is:
Example
The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.
How do I copy an example?
 Select the example in this article. If you are copying the example in Excel Online, copy and paste one cell at a time.
Important: Do not select the row or column headers.
Selecting an example from Help
 Press CTRL+C.
 Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
 In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V. If you are working in Excel Online, repeat copying and pasting for each cell in the example.
Important: For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.
 To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.
After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

A 
B 
Data 

4 

5 

6 

7 

5 

4 

3 

Formula 
Description (Result) 
=AVEDEV(A2:A8) 
Average of the absolute deviations of the numbers above from their mean (1.020408) 
