This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the AND function (function: A prewritten formula that takes a value or values, performs an operation, and returns a value or values. Use functions to simplify and shorten formulas on a worksheet, especially those that perform lengthy or complex calculations.) in Microsoft Office Excel.
Description
Returns TRUE if all its arguments evaluate to TRUE; returns FALSE if one or more arguments evaluate to FALSE.
One common use for the AND function is to expand the usefulness of other functions that perform logical tests. For example, the IF function performs a logical test and then returns one value if the test evaluates to TRUE and another value if the test evaluates to FALSE. By using the AND function as the logical_test argument of the IF function, you can test many different conditions instead of just one.
Syntax
AND(logical1, [logical2], ...)
The AND function syntax has the following arguments (argument: A value that provides information to an action, an event, a method, a property, a function, or a procedure.):
 logical1 Required. The first condition that you want to test that can evaluate to either TRUE or FALSE.
 logical2, ... Optional. Additional conditions that you want to test that can evaluate to either TRUE or FALSE, up to a maximum of 255 conditions.
Remarks
Example 1
The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.
How do I copy an example?
 Select the example in this article. If you are copying the example in Excel Web App, copy and paste one cell at a time.Important Do not select the row or column headers.
Selecting an example from Help
 Press CTRL+C.
 Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
 In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V. If you are working in Excel Web App, repeat copying and pasting for each cell in the example.
Important For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.
 To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.
After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

A 
B 
C 
Formula 
Description 
Result 
=AND(TRUE, TRUE) 
All arguments are TRUE 
TRUE 
=AND(TRUE, FALSE) 
One argument is FALSE 
FALSE 
=AND(2+2=4, 2+3=5) 
All arguments evaluate to TRUE 
TRUE 

Example 2
The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.
How do I copy an example?
 Select the example in this article. If you are copying the example in Excel Web App, copy and paste one cell at a time.Important Do not select the row or column headers.
Selecting an example from Help
 Press CTRL+C.
 Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
 In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V. If you are working in Excel Web App, repeat copying and pasting for each cell in the example.
Important For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.
 To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.
After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

A 
B 
C 
Data 


50 


104 


Formula 
Description 
Result 
=AND(1<A2, A2<100) 
Displays TRUE if the number in cell A2 is between 1 and 100. Otherwise, it displays FALSE. 
TRUE 
=IF(AND(1<A3, A3<100), A3, "The value is out of range.") 
Displays the number in cell A3, if it is between 1 and 100. Otherwise, it displays the message "The value is out of range." 
The value is out of range. 
=IF(AND(1<A2, A2<100), A2, "The value is out of range.") 
Displays the number in cell A2, if it is between 1 and 100. Otherwise, it displays a message. 
50 
