AND function

This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the AND function (function: A prewritten formula that takes a value or values, performs an operation, and returns a value or values. Use functions to simplify and shorten formulas on a worksheet, especially those that perform lengthy or complex calculations.) in Microsoft Office Excel.

Description

Returns TRUE if all its arguments evaluate to TRUE; returns FALSE if one or more arguments evaluate to FALSE.

One common use for the AND function is to expand the usefulness of other functions that perform logical tests. For example, the IF function performs a logical test and then returns one value if the test evaluates to TRUE and another value if the test evaluates to FALSE. By using the AND function as the logical_test argument of the IF function, you can test many different conditions instead of just one.

Syntax

AND(logical1, [logical2], ...)

The AND function syntax has the following arguments (argument: A value that provides information to an action, an event, a method, a property, a function, or a procedure.):

  • logical1    Required. The first condition that you want to test that can evaluate to either TRUE or FALSE.
  • logical2, ...    Optional. Additional conditions that you want to test that can evaluate to either TRUE or FALSE, up to a maximum of 255 conditions.

Remarks

Example 1

The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

ShowHow do I copy an example?

  1. Select the example in this article. If you are copying the example in Excel Web App, copy and paste one cell at a time.Important Do not select the row or column headers.

Selecting an example from Help

Selecting an example from Help

  1. Press CTRL+C.
  2. Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
  3. In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V. If you are working in Excel Web App, repeat copying and pasting for each cell in the example.

Important For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.

  1. To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.


 
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A B C
Formula Description Result
=AND(TRUE, TRUE) All arguments are TRUE TRUE
=AND(TRUE, FALSE) One argument is FALSE FALSE
=AND(2+2=4, 2+3=5) All arguments evaluate to TRUE TRUE

Example 2

The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

ShowHow do I copy an example?

  1. Select the example in this article. If you are copying the example in Excel Web App, copy and paste one cell at a time.Important Do not select the row or column headers.

Selecting an example from Help

Selecting an example from Help

  1. Press CTRL+C.
  2. Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
  3. In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V. If you are working in Excel Web App, repeat copying and pasting for each cell in the example.

Important For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.

  1. To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.


 
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A B C
Data
50
104
Formula Description Result
=AND(1<A2, A2<100) Displays TRUE if the number in cell A2 is between 1 and 100. Otherwise, it displays FALSE. TRUE
=IF(AND(1<A3, A3<100), A3, "The value is out of range.") Displays the number in cell A3, if it is between 1 and 100. Otherwise, it displays the message "The value is out of range." The value is out of range.
=IF(AND(1<A2, A2<100), A2, "The value is out of range.") Displays the number in cell A2, if it is between 1 and 100. Otherwise, it displays a message. 50
 
 
Applies to:
Excel 2007