ADDRESS function

This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the ADDRESS function (function: A prewritten formula that takes a value or values, performs an operation, and returns a value or values. Use functions to simplify and shorten formulas on a worksheet, especially those that perform lengthy or complex calculations.) in Microsoft Office Excel.

Find links to information about working with mailing addresses or creating mailing labels in the See Also section.


You can use the ADDRESS function to obtain the address of a cell in a worksheet, given specified row and column numbers. For example, ADDRESS(2,3) returns $C$2. As another example, ADDRESS(77,300) returns $KN$77. You can use other functions, such as the ROW and COLUMN functions, to provide the row and column number arguments (argument: A value that provides information to an action, an event, a method, a property, a function, or a procedure.) for the ADDRESS function.


ADDRESS(row_num, column_num, [abs_num], [a1], [sheet_text])

The ADDRESS function syntax has the following arguments:

  • row_num    Required. A numeric value that specifies the row number to use in the cell reference.
  • column_num    Required. A numeric value that specifies the column number to use in the cell reference.
  • abs_num    Optional. A numeric value that specifies the type of reference to return.
abs_num Returns this type of reference
1 or omitted Absolute (absolute cell reference: In a formula, the exact address of a cell, regardless of the position of the cell that contains the formula. An absolute cell reference takes the form $A$1.)
2 Absolute row; relative column
3 Relative row; absolute column
4 Relative
  • A1    Optional. A logical value that specifies the A1 or R1C1 reference style. In A1 style, columns are labeled alphabetically, and rows are labeled numerically. In R1C1 reference style, both columns and rows are labeled numerically. If the A1 argument is TRUE or omitted, the ADDRESS function returns an A1-style reference; if FALSE, the ADDRESS function returns an R1C1-style reference.

 Note   To change the reference style that Excel uses, click the Microsoft Office Button Button image, click Excel Options, and then click Formulas. Under Working with formulas, select or clear the R1C1 reference style check box.

  • sheet_text    Optional. A text value that specifies the name of the worksheet to be used as the external reference. For example, the formula =ADDRESS(1,1,,,"Sheet2") returns Sheet2!$A$1. If the sheet_text argument is omitted, no sheet name is used, and the address returned by the function refers to a cell on the current sheet.


The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

ShowHow do I copy an example?

  1. Select the example in this article. If you are copying the example in Excel Web App, copy and paste one cell at a time.Important Do not select the row or column headers.

Selecting an example from Help

Selecting an example from Help

  1. Press CTRL+C.
  2. Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
  3. In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V. If you are working in Excel Web App, repeat copying and pasting for each cell in the example.

Important For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.

  1. To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.

After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.






Formula Description Result
=ADDRESS(2,3) Absolute reference $C$2
=ADDRESS(2,3,2) Absolute row; relative column C$2
=ADDRESS(2,3,2,FALSE) Absolute row; relative column in R1C1 reference style R2C[3]
=ADDRESS(2,3,1,FALSE,"[Book1]Sheet1") Absolute reference to another workbook and worksheet [Book1]Sheet1!R2C3
=ADDRESS(2,3,1,FALSE,"EXCEL SHEET") Absolute reference to another worksheet 'EXCEL SHEET'!R2C3
Applies to:
Excel 2007