Startup command-line options

The following table lists the Microsoft Access command-line options.

Option Effect
Opens the specified Microsoft Access database (database: A collection of data related to a particular subject or purpose. Within a database, information about a particular entity, such as an employee or order, is categorized into tables, records, and fields.) or Microsoft Access project (Microsoft Access project: An Access file that connects to a Microsoft SQL Server database and is used to create client/server applications. A project file doesn't contain any data or data-definition-based objects, such as tables and views.). Include a path if necessary.
/excl Opens the specified Access database for exclusive (exclusive: A mode of access to data in a database that is shared over a network. When you open a database in exclusive mode, you prevent others from opening the database.) access. To open the database for shared access in a multiuser (multiuser (shared) database: A database that permits more than one user to access and modify the same set of data at the same time.) environment, omit this option. Applies to Access databases only.
/ro Opens the specified Access database or Access project for read-only access.
/user user name Starts Access by using the specified user name. Applies to Access databases only.
/pwd password Starts Access by using the specified password. Applies to Access databases only.
/profile user profile Starts Access by using the options in the specified user profile instead of the standard Windows Registry settings created when you installed Microsoft Access. This replaces the /ini option used in versions of Microsoft Access prior to Access 97 to specify an initialization file.
/compact target database or target Access project

Compacts and repairs the Access database, or compacts the Access project that was specified before the /compact option, and then closes Access. If you omit a target file name following the /compact option, the file is compacted to the original name and folder. To compact to a different name, specify a target file. If you don't include a path in target database or target Access project, the target file is created in your My Documents folder by default.

In an Access project, this option compacts the Access project (.adp) file but not the Microsoft SQL Server database.

/repair Repairs the Access database that was specified before the /repair option, and then closes Microsoft Access. In Microsoft Access 2000 or later, compact and repair functionality is combined under /compact. The /repair option is supported for backward compatibility.
/convert target database Converts a previous-version Access database or Access project to Access 2000 file format, renames the new file, and then closes Access. You must specify the source database before you use the /convert option.
/x macro

Starts Access and runs the specified macro. Another way to run a macro when you open a database is to use an AutoExec macro.

Macros can contain viruses, so you must be careful about running them. Take the following precautions: run up-to-date antivirus software on your computer; set your macro security level to high; use digital signatures; maintain a list of trusted sources of macros.

/cmd

Specifies that what follows on the command line is the value that will be returned by the Command function. This option must be the last option on the command line. You can use a semicolon (;) as an alternative to /cmd.

Use this option to specify a command-line argument that can be used in Visual Basic (Microsoft Visual Basic: A high-level, visual-programming version of Basic. Visual Basic was developed by Microsoft for building Windows-based applications.) code.

/nostartup Starts Access without displaying the task pane (task pane: A window within an Office program that provides commonly used commands. Its location and small size allow you to use these commands while still working on your files.) (the second dialog box that you see when you start Access).
/wrkgrp workgroup
information file
Starts Access by using the specified workgroup information file. Applies to Access databases only.


Notes

  • To run a Visual Basic for Applications procedure when you open a database, use the RunCode action in the AutoExec macro or in the macro that you run by using the command-line option /x. You can also run a Visual Basic procedure when you open a database by creating a form with a Visual Basic procedure defined for its OnOpen event. Designate this form as the startup form by right-clicking the Database window, clicking Startup, and then entering that form in the Display Form/Page box.
  • To specify a forward slash (/) or semicolon (;) on the command line, type the character twice. For example, to specify the password ;mjs/md on the command line, type ;;mjs//md following the /pwd command-line option.
 
 
Applies to:
Access 2003