Insert ASCII or Unicode Latin-based symbols and characters

ASCII and Unicode character encoding enables computers to store and exchange data with other computers and programs. Below are lists of frequently used ASCII and Unicode Latin-based characters. For Unicode characters for non-Latin-based scripts, see Unicode character code charts by script.

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Insert an ASCII or Unicode character into a document

If you only have to enter a few special characters or symbols, you can use the Character Map or type keyboard shortcuts. See the below tables or Keyboard shortcuts for international characters for a list of ASCII characters.

 Notes 

  • Many languages contain symbols that could not be condensed into the 256-characters Extended ACSII set. As such, there are ASCII and Unicode variations to encompass regional characters and symbols, see Unicode character code charts by script.
  • If you have trouble entering the characters codes for the characters that you want, try using the Character Map.

Inserting ASCII characters

To insert an ASCII character, press and hold down ALT while typing the character code. For example, to insert the degree (º) symbol, press and hold down ALT while typing 0176 on the numeric keypad.

 Note   You must use the numeric keypad to type the numbers and not the keyboard. Make sure that the NUM LOCK key is on if your keyboard requires it to type numbers on the numeric keypad.

Inserting Unicode characters

To insert a Unicode character, type the character code, press ALT, and then press X. For example, to type a dollar symbol ($), type 0024, press ALT, and then press X. For more Unicode character codes, see Unicode character code charts by script.

 Important   Some of the Microsoft Office programs, such as PowerPoint and InfoPath, cannot convert Unicode codes to characters. If you need a Unicode character and are using one of the programs that doesn't support Unicode characters, use the Character Map to enter the character(s) that you need.

 Notes 

  • You must use the numeric keypad to type the numbers and not the keyboard. Make sure that the NUM LOCK key is on if your keyboard requires it to type numbers on the numeric keypad.
  • If you have trouble getting the Unicode to convert to your character, type the code using the numeric keypad, select the code, and then click ALT+X.
  • If you are using Microsoft Windows XP or later, the universal font for Unicode is automatically installed. If you are using Microsoft Windows 2000, you need to install the Unicode font.

ShowIn Microsoft Windows 2000

  1. Quit all programs.
  2. In Control Panel, double-click the Add/Remove Programs icon.
  3. Do one of the following:
    • If you installed your Microsoft Office program as part of an Office package, click Microsoft Office in the Currently installed programs box, and then click Change.
    • If you installed your Office program individually, click the name of your program in the Currently installed programs box, and then click Change.
  4. In the Microsoft Office 2003 Setup dialog box, click Add or Remove Features, and then click Next.
  5. Select Choose advance customization of applications, and then click Next.
  6. Expand the Office Shared Features list.
  7. Expand the International Support list.
  8. Click the icon next to Universal Font, and then select the installation option that you want.

Using the Character Map

Character Map is a program built into Microsoft Windows that enables you to view the characters that are available in a selected font. Using Character Map, you can copy individual characters or a group of characters to the Clipboard and paste them into any program that can display them.

For more information about the Character Map, see Using the Windows Vista Character Map to enter special characters FAQ.

Click Start, point to All Programs, point to Accessories, point to System Tools, and then click Character Map.

To select a character in the Character Map, click the character, click Select, click the right mouse button in your document where you want the character, and then click Paste.

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Common symbol character codes

For more character symbols, see the Character Map installed on your computer, ASCII character codes, or Unicode character code charts by script.

Glyph Code Glyph Code
Currency symbols
£ ALT+0163 ¥ ALT+0165
¢ ALT+0162 $ 0024+ALT+X
ALT+0128 ¤ ALT+0164
Legal symbols
© ALT+0169 ® ALT+0174
§ ALT+0167 ALT+0153
Mathematical symbols
° ALT+0176 º ALT+0186
221A+ALT+X + ALT+43
# ALT+35 µ ALT+0181
< ALT+60 > ALT+62
% ALT+37 ( ALT+40
[ ALT+91 ) ALT+41
] ALT+93 2206+ALT+X
Fractions
¼ ALT+0188 ½ ALT+0189
¾ ALT+0190
Punctuation and dialectic symbols
? ALT+63 ¿ ALT+0191
! ALT+33 203+ALT+X
- ALT+45 ' ALT+39
" ALT+34 , ALT+44
. ALT+46 | ALT+124
/ ALT+47 \ ALT+92
` ALT+96 ^ ALT+94
« ALT+0171 » ALT+0187
« ALT+174 » ALT+175
~ ALT+126 & ALT+38
: ALT+58 { ALT+123
; ALT+59 } ALT+125
Form symbols
25A1+ALT+X 221A+ALT+X

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Common diacritical character codes

For a complete list of the glyphs and their character codes, see the Character Map.

Glyph Code Glyph Code
à ALT+0195 å ALT+0229
Å ALT+143 å ALT+134
Ä ALT+142 ä ALT+132
À ALT+0192 à ALT+133
Á ALT+0193 á ALT+160
 ALT+0194 â ALT+131
Ç ALT+128 ç ALT+135
Č 010C+ALT+X č 010D+ALT+X
É ALT+144 é ALT+130
È ALT+0200 è ALT+138
Ê ALT+202 ê ALT+136
Ë ALT+203 ë ALT+137
Ĕ 0114+ALT+X ĕ 0115+ALT+X
Ğ 011E+ALT+X ğ 011F+ALT+X
Ģ 0122+ALT+X ģ 0123+ALT+X
Ï ALT+0207 ï ALT+139
Î ALT+0206 î ALT+140
Í ALT+0205 í ALT+161
Ì ALT+0204 ì ALT+141
Ñ ALT+165 ñ ALT+164
Ö ALT+153 ö ALT+148
Ô ALT+212 ô ALT+147
Ō 014C+ALT+X ō 014D+ALT+X
Ò ALT+0210 ò ALT+149
Ó ALT+0211 ó ALT+162
Ø ALT+0216 ø 00F8+ALT+X
Ŝ 015C+ALT+X ŝ 015D+ALT+X
Ş 015E+ALT+X ş 015F+ALT+X
Ü ALT+154 ü ALT+129
Ū ALT+016A ū 016B+ALT+X
Û ALT+0219 û ALT+150
Ù ALT+0217 ù ALT+151
Ú 00DA+ALT+X ú ALT+163
Ÿ 0159+ALT+X ÿ ALT+152

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Character codes for ligature characters

For more information about typographic ligatures, see Typographic ligature. For a complete list of the ligatures and their character codes, see the Character Map.

Glyph Code Glyph Code
Æ ALT+0198 æ ALT+0230
ß ALT+0223 ß ALT+225
Œ ALT+0140 œ ALT+0156
ʩ 02A9+ALT+X
ʣ 02A3+ALT+X ʥ 02A5+ALT+X
ʪ 02AA+ALT+X ʫ 02AB+ALT+X
ʦ 0246+ALT+X ʧ 02A7+ALT+X
Љ 0409+ALT+X Ю 042E+ALT+X
Њ 040A+ALT+X Ѿ 047E+ALT+x
Ы 042B+ALT+X Ѩ 0468+ALT+X
Ѭ 049C+ALT+X FDF2+ALT+X

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ASCII nonprinting control characters

ASCII table numbers 0–31 are assigned for control characters used to control some peripheral devices such as printers. For example, 12 represents the form feed/new page function. This command instructs a printer to go to the top of the next page.

ASCII nonprinting control characters chart

Decimal Character Decimal Character
null 0 data link escape 16
start of heading 1 device control 1 17
start of text 2 device control 2 18
end of text 3 device control 3 19
end of transmission 4 device control 4 20
inquiry 5 negative acknowledge 21
acknowledge 6 synchronous idle 22
bell 7 end of transmission block 23
backspace 8 cancel 24
horizontal tab 9 end of medium 25
line feed/new line 10 substitute 26
vertical tab 11 escape 27
form feed/new page 12 file separator 28
carriage return 13 group separator 29
shift out 14 record separator 30
shift in 15 unit separator 31
space 32 DEL 127

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More information

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Applies to:
Access 2007, Excel 2007, InfoPath 2007, OneNote 2007, Outlook 2007, PowerPoint 2007, Publisher 2007, Visio 2007, Word 2007