Work with the Gantt Chart view

The Gantt Chart view (Gantt Chart view: A predefined view that displays project tasks on the left side of the view, and graphical bars corresponding to the task's durations on the right side of the view.) is the most commonly used view in Microsoft Office Project 2007. It lists the tasks (task: An activity that has a beginning and an end. Project plans are made up of tasks.) in your project, and illustrates their relationship to one another and the schedule using Gantt bars (Gantt bar: A graphical element on the chart portion of the Gantt Chart view representing the duration of a task.). The Gantt Chart view is the default view for new projects.

 Note   To access the Gantt Chart view, on the View menu, click Gantt Chart.

In this article


Use the task list

You can list each of your project's tasks in the grid portion on the left side of the Gantt Chart view, and then organize them into a hierarchy of summary tasks (summary task: A task that is made up of subtasks and summarizes those subtasks. Use outlining to create summary tasks. Project automatically determines summary task information [such as duration and cost] by using information from the subtasks.) and subtasks (subtask: A task that is part of a summary task. The subtask information is consolidated into the summary task. You can designate subtasks by using the Project outlining feature.). You can also link (linking: In a project, establishing a dependency between tasks. Linking tasks defines a dependency between their start and finish dates. In OLE, establishing a connection between programs so that data in one document is updated when it changes in another.) tasks together, to show task dependencies (task dependencies: A relationship between two linked tasks; linked by a dependency between their finish and start dates. There are four kinds of task dependencies: Finish-to-start [FS], Start-to-start [SS], Finish-to-finish [FF], and Start-to-finish [SF].).

For more information about adding to the task list and organizing your project's tasks, see the following articles:

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Use the chart

In addition to the grid portion of the view, the Gantt Chart view also provides an illustrated version of your task list, with Gantt bars (Gantt bar: A graphical element on the chart portion of the Gantt Chart view representing the duration of a task.) that show the duration (duration: The total span of active working time that is required to complete a task. This is generally the amount of working time from the start to finish of a task, as defined by the project and resource calendar.) of your project's tasks across a timeline. This part of the Gantt Chart view is called the chart. For each task, the associated Gantt bar begins at the start date, and ends at the finish date. If you have linked tasks together, the Gantt bars are connected on the chart with link lines (link line: On the Gantt Chart and Network Diagram, the line that appears between two tasks to indicate a task dependency.).

Zoom in and out

The timeline units for the right portion of the Gantt Chart view are displayed at the top of the chart. By default, Project 2007 displays two units of time. You can adjust these time units to display up to three units of time, and you can change it so that different time units are displayed. For example, you can zoom out to a bigger picture of your project's tasks by displaying Years and Months, or you can zoom in to see the exact start and finish dates for your project's tasks by changing the timescale to Weeks and Days. For more information about adjusting the timescale of the Gantt Chart view, see Change the timescale in a view.

Change colors and add text

Project 2007 provides a lot of flexibility in the way that Gantt bars are displayed in the Gantt Chart view.

You can:

  • Change the color, shape, or pattern of Gantt bars.
  • Create a new type of Gantt bar, such as one that shows available slack or delayed tasks.
  • Add text to Gantt bars.
  • Display task names for individual Gantt bars on a summary task bar.
  • Change the height of Gantt bars.
  • Change the appearance of link lines between Gantt bars.

All of these changes are described in Format the bar chart portion of a Gantt view.

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Why aren't my Gantt bars moving?

Gantt bars are displayed using the start and finish dates for the tasks in your project. They don't move to reflect the progress of tasks. Instead, you can use the gridline for the current date to see where tasks should be according to the schedule.

  1. Right-click anywhere in the chart portion of the Gantt Chart view and then click Gridlines.
  2. In the Line to change box, select Current Date.
  3. In the Normal area, use the Type box and the Color box to change the how the gridline looks.

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Applies to:
Project 2007