This article describes the formula syntax and usage of the COUNTIF function (function: A prewritten formula that takes a value or values, performs an operation, and returns a value or values. Use functions to simplify and shorten formulas on a worksheet, especially those that perform lengthy or complex calculations.) in Microsoft Office Excel.
Description
The COUNTIF function counts the number of cells within a range that meet a single criterion that you specify. For example, you can count all the cells that start with a certain letter, or you can count all the cells that contain a number that is larger or smaller than a number you specify. For example, suppose you have a worksheet that contains a list of tasks in column A, and the first name of the person assigned to each task in column B. You can use the COUNTIF function to count how many times a person's name appears in column B and, in that way, determine how many tasks are assigned to that person. For example:
=COUNTIF(B2:B25,"Nancy")
Note To count cells based on multiple criteria, see COUNTIFS function.
Syntax
COUNTIF(range, criteria)
The COUNTIF function syntax has the following arguments (argument: A value that provides information to an action, an event, a method, a property, a function, or a procedure.):
 range Required. One or more cells to count, including numbers or names, arrays, or references that contain numbers. Blank and text values are ignored.
 criteria Required. A number, expression, cell reference, or text string that defines which cells will be counted. For example, criteria can be expressed as 32, ">32", B4, "apples", or "32".
Notes
 You can use the wildcard characters — the question mark (?) and the asterisk (*) — in criteria. A question mark matches any single character, and an asterisk matches any sequence of characters. If you want to find an actual question mark or asterisk, type a tilde (~) before the character.
 Criteria are case insensitive; for example, the string "apples" and the string "APPLES" will match the same cells.
Example 1: Common COUNTIF formulas
The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.
How do I copy an example?
 Select the example in this article. If you are copying the example in Excel Web App, copy and paste one cell at a time.Important Do not select the row or column headers.
Selecting an example from Help
 Press CTRL+C.
 Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
 In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V. If you are working in Excel Web App, repeat copying and pasting for each cell in the example.
Important For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.
 To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.
After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 
11 
12 

A 
B 
C 
Data 
Data 

apples 
32 

oranges 
54 

peaches 
75 

apples 
86 

Formula 
Description 
Result 
=COUNTIF(A2:A5,"apples") 
Number of cells with apples in cells A2 through A5. 
2 
=COUNTIF(A2:A5,A4) 
Number of cells with peaches in cells A2 through A5. 
1 
=COUNTIF(A2:A5,A3)+COUNTIF(A2:A5,A2) 
Number of cells with oranges and apples in cells A2 through A5. 
3 
=COUNTIF(B2:B5,">55") 
Number of cells with a value greater than 55 in cells B2 through B5. 
2 
=COUNTIF(B2:B5,"<>"&B4) 
Number of cells with a value not equal to 75 in cells B2 through B5. 
3 
=COUNTIF(B2:B5,">=32")COUNTIF(B2:B5,">85") 
Number of cells with a value greater than or equal to 32 and less than or equal to 85 in cells B2 through B5. 
3 

Example 2: COUNTIF formulas using wildcard characters and handling blank values
The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.
How do I copy an example?
 Select the example in this article. If you are copying the example in Excel Web App, copy and paste one cell at a time.Important Do not select the row or column headers.
Selecting an example from Help
 Press CTRL+C.
 Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
 In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V. If you are working in Excel Web App, repeat copying and pasting for each cell in the example.
Important For the example to work properly, you must paste it into cell A1 of the worksheet.
 To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.
After you copy the example to a blank worksheet, you can adapt it to suit your needs.

1 
2 
3 
4 
5 
6 
7 
8 
9 
10 
11 
12 
13 
14 

A 
B 
C 
Data 
Data 

apples 
Yes 




oranges 
NO 

peaches 
No 




apples 
yes 

Formula 
Description 
Result 
=COUNTIF(A2:A7,"*es") 
Number of cells ending with the letters "es" in cells A2 through A7. 
4 
=COUNTIF(A2:A7,"?????es") 
Number of cells ending with the letters "les" and having exactly 7 letters in cells A2 through A7. 
2 
=COUNTIF(A2:A7,"*") 
Number of cells containing any text in cells A2 through A7. 
4 
=COUNTIF(A2:A7,"<>"&"*") 
Number of cells not containing text in cells A2 through A7. 
2 
=COUNTIF(B2:B7,"No") / ROWS(B2:B7) 
The average number of No votes (including blank cells) in cells B2 through B7. 
0.333333333 
=COUNTIF(B2:B7,"Yes") / (ROWS(B2:B7) COUNTIF(B2:B7, "<>"&"*")) 
The average number of Yes votes (excluding blank cells) in cells B2 through B7. 
0.5 

Note To view a number as a percentage, select the cell and then, on the Sheet tab, in the Number group, click Percentage Style .