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Joins several text strings into one text string.


CONCATENATE (text1,text2,...)

Text1, text2, ...     are 1 to 30 text items to be joined into a single text item. The text items can be text strings, numbers, or single-cell references.


You can also use the ampersand (&) calculation operator instead of the CONCATENATE function to join text items. For example, =A1&B1 returns the same value as =CONCATENATE(A1,B1).


The example may be easier to understand if you copy it to a blank worksheet.

ShowHow to copy an example

  1. Create a blank workbook or worksheet.
  2. Select the example in the Help topic.

 Note   Do not select the row or column headers.

Selecting an example from Help

Selecting an example from Help
  1. Press CTRL+C.
  2. In the worksheet, select cell A1, and press CTRL+V.
  3. To switch between viewing the results and viewing the formulas that return the results, press CTRL+` (grave accent), or on the Formulas tab, in the Formula Auditing group, click the Show Formulas button.
brook trout
Formula Description
=CONCATENATE("Stream population for ",A2," ",A3," is ",A4,"/mile") Concatenates a sentence from the data above (Stream population for brook trout species is 32/mile)
Applies to:
Excel 2003